PENERAPAN STRATEGI PQ4R (PREVIEW, QUESTION, READ, REFLECT, RECITE, REVIEW) DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

Amelia Ayu Nur Aisha, - (2018) PENERAPAN STRATEGI PQ4R (PREVIEW, QUESTION, READ, REFLECT, RECITE, REVIEW) DALAM MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya motivasi dan minat siswa terhadap kegiatan membaca serta pembelajaran belum melibatkan siswa secara aktif melakukan kegiatan tahapan-tahapan membaca dan masih menggunakan metode pemberian tugas untuk menjawab pertanyaan. Hal ini dibuktikan dengan nilai rata-rata yang diperoleh kelas VD berkaitan dengan aspek membaca pemahaman sebanyak 68,3 dan ketuntasan belajar mencapai 37,15%. Strategi PQ4R diharapkan dapat meningkatkan keterampilan membaca pemahaman. Penelitian ini dilakukan kepada siswa kelas VD di salah satu SDN Kecamatan Cobong, Kota Bandung. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan perencanaan, pelaksanaan, dan peningkatan keterampilan membaca pemahaman dengan menerapkan strategi PQ4R bagi siswa kelas VD SD. Penelitian menggunakan metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas model Kemmis dan Taggart dengan dua siklus dan setiap siklusnya terdiri dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi, dan refleksi. Hasil penelitian berdasarkan instrumen Lembar Kerja Siswa dan Lembar Evaluasi menunjukkan pada siklus I ketuntasan belajar mencapai 57,14% dan meningkat pada siklus II menjadi 88,57%. Nilai rata-rata kelas VD pada siklus I meningkat pada siklus II yaitu 70,93 menjadi 84,35. Indikator menentukan kalimat utama pada siklus I meningkat pada siklus II yaitu 69,18% menjadi 85,14%. Indikator membuat pertanyaan pada siklus I meningkat pada siklus II yaitu 68,10% menjadi 85,14%. Indikator menjawab pertanyaan pada siklus I meningkat pada siklus II yaitu 69,18% menjadi 89,71%. Indikator membuat kesimpulan pada siklus I meningkat pada siklus II yaitu 67,56% menjadi 88,57%. Simpulan dari penelitian ini yaitu penerapasn strategi PQ4R dapat meningkatkan keterampilan membaca pemahaman.-- This study is based on the low motivation and interest of students on reading and learning activities have not involved students actively perform the reading stages and still use the method of assigning tasks to answer questions. This is evidenced by the average value obtained by VD classes related to the comprehension of reading comprehension as much as 68.3 and learning completeness reach 37.15%. The PQ4R strategy is expected to improve reading comprehension skills. N Cobong, Bandung City. The purpose of this research is to describe planning, implementation, and improvement of comprehension comprehension skill by applying PQ4R strategy for VD Students Of Elementary School. The research used the method of Action Research of Kemmis and Taggart model Class with two cycles and each cycle consist of planning, execution, observation, and reflection. Result of research based on instrument of Student Worksheet and Evaluation Sheet showed that in cycle I learned completeness reached 57.14% and increased in cycle II to 88,57%. The average value of class VD in cycle I increased in cycle II that is 70.93 to 84.35. Indicators determine the main sentence in cycle I increased in cycle II that is 69,18% to 85,14%. Indicators make the question in cycle I increased in cycle II that is 68,10% to 85,14%. Indicators answer the questions in the first cycle increased in the second cycle of 69.18% to 89.71%. Indicators make the conclusions in the first cycle increased in the second cycle of 67.56% to 88.57%. The conclusion of this research is that the PQ4R strategy strategy can improve the comprehension skill.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S PGSD AME p-2018; Pembimbing : I. Ani Hendriani, II. Dwi Heryanto; NIM : 1401843
Uncontrolled Keywords: keterampilan membaca pemahaman, strategi PQ4R (preview, question, read, reflect, recite, review).-- comprehension reading skill, PQ4R strategy (preview, question, read, reflect, recite, review)
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Rika Maysani
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 04:46
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 04:46
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/38358

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