PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PROYEK TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA PADA MATERI PENCEMARAN DAN DAUR ULANG

Fachrunnisa, Sarah Fauziyyah (2017) PENGARUH PEMBELAJARAN BERBASIS PROYEK TERHADAP KETERAMPILAN BERPIKIR KRITIS SISWA PADA MATERI PENCEMARAN DAN DAUR ULANG. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh pembelajaran berbasis proyek terhadap keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa. Keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa terhadap materi pembelajaran, penggunaan struktur logika dan pengalaman, dapat membentuk peserta didik menjadi pribadi mandiri dan bertanggung jawab. Keterampilan berpikir kritis yang digunakan menurut Paul & Elder (Inch et.al., 2006) berkaitan dengan 8 fungsi berpikir kritis yaitu Question at issue, Purpose, Information, Concepts, Assumptions, Points of view, Interpretation and Inference, serta Implication and consequence. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah Weak experiment dengan desain One group pretest-posttest design. Penelitian dilakukan di SMA Negeri 15 Bandung pada kelas X MIA 1 dengan jumlah siswa 33 orang, dipilih berdasarkan tekhnik Cluster random sampling. Hasil penelitian menunjukan pembelajaran berbasis proyek secara signifikan berpengaruh terhadap peningkatan keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa pada materi pencemaran & daur ulang limbah. Keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa di akhir pembelajran secara keseluruhan mengalami peningkatan (g kritis = 0,43) pada ɑ = 0,05. Keterampilan berpikir kritis siswa sebelum pembelajaran (pretest = 54,3%) lebih rendah dibandingkan setelah pembelajaran berbasis proyek dilakukan (posttest =74%). Keterlaksanaan sintaks pembelajaran berbasis proyek dalam kelas penelitian terlaksana dengan sangat baik (86%). Proyek siswa menghasilkan produk daur ulang limbah anorganik dan organik Hasil analisis terhadap tanggapan siswa di akhir pembelajaran menunjukan respon positif terhadap pembelajaran berbasis proyek yang telah dilaksanakan;--- This study aims is to analyze the effect of project-based learning on critical thinking skills of junior high school students. Student's critical thinking skills on learning materials, the use of logical structure and experience, can form learners into independent and responsible individuals. Critical thinking skills used in this research by Paul & Elder (Inch et al., 2006) relate to 8 critical thinking functions: Question at issue, Purpose, Information, Concepts, Assumptions, Points of view, Interpretation & Inference, and Implication & consequence. The research method used was Weak experiment with One group pretest-posttest design. The research was conducted in SMA Negeri 15 Bandung in class X MIA 1 with 33 students which selected based on Cluster random sampling technique. The results showed that project-based learning significantly influenced the improvement of students' critical thinking skills on pollution & waste recycling materials. The students' critical thinking skills at the end of learning overall improved (g critical thinking = 0.43) at ɑ = 0.05. The students' critical thinking skills before learning (pretest = 54.3%) were lower than after project-based learning (posttest = 74%). The implementation of the project-based learning syntax in the research class performed very well (86%). The student project produces inorganic and organic waste recycling products The analysis results of the student responses at the end of the learning show a positive response to the project-based learning that has been implemented.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No Panggil : S BIO FAC p-2017; Pembimbing: I. Fransisca Sudargo, II. Kusmadi; Nim: 1002540.
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pembelajaran berbasis proyek, Keterampilan berpikir kritis, Pencemaran lingkungan, Daur ulang limbah, Project-based learning, Critical thinking skill, Environmental pollution, Waste recycling
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam > Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi > Program Studi Pendidikan Biologi
Depositing User: DAM staf
Date Deposited: 26 Dec 2018 07:52
Last Modified: 26 Dec 2018 07:52
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/33041

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