IMPLIKASI PENDAYAGUNAAN ZAKAT PRODUKTIF TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN MUSTAHIK BERDASARKAN MAQASHID SYARIAH : survei pada mustahik di misykat DPU DT Bandung

Pertiwi, Risa Sari (2017) IMPLIKASI PENDAYAGUNAAN ZAKAT PRODUKTIF TERHADAP KESEJAHTERAAN MUSTAHIK BERDASARKAN MAQASHID SYARIAH : survei pada mustahik di misykat DPU DT Bandung. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Fenomena tingginya angka kemiskinan dan rendahnya IPM di Jawa Barat merupakan permasalahan yang selalu dikaitkan dengan kesejahteraan dalam menilai keberhasilan pembangunan di suatu daerah. Di sisi lain, adanya potensi zakat sebagai instrumen keuangan publik Islam yang memiliki peranan penting dalam meningkatkan kesejahteraan ummat. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui dampak pendayagunaan zakat produktif terhadap kesejahteraan mustahik berdasarkan maqashid syariah. Penelitian ini menggunakan data primer dengan wawancara melalui kuesioner di tiga wilayah yaitu Kota Bandung, Kabupaten Bandung dan Kabupaten Bandung Barat. Variabel yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu jumlah zakat produktif, pendampingan usaha dan kesejahteraan mustahik. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode survey eksplanatori dengan pendekatan kuantitatif. Sementara populasi penelitian sebanyak 1581 orang dan sampel yang diambil sebanyak 100 responden mustahik MiSykat DPU DT Bandung dengan teknik purposive sampling. Berdasarkan analisis regresi linier berganda dengan Eviews9 menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial dan bersama-sama jumlah zakat produktif dan pendampingan usaha berpengaruh positif signifikan terhadap pendapatan mustahik sebesar 59,48%. Adapun gambaran kesejahteraan spiritual mustahik sudah cukup baik, yang ditandai dengan adanya rutinitas bersedekah setiap hari dan meninggalkan transaksi ribawi. Dengan demikian, pendayagunaan zakat produktif melalui pendampingan usaha rutin dapat memperbaiki kondisi material maupun spiritual mustahik sehingga dapat mencerminkan kesejahteraan berdasarkan maqashid syariah. Kata Kunci: Zakat produktif, kesejahteraan,maqashid syariah, MiSykat, The phenomenon of high poverty and low HDI in West Java is a problem that has always been associated with well-being in assessing the success of the development in an area. On the other hand the existence of potential zakat as a public Islamic financial in struments has an important role in improving the welfare of the Muslims. This research aims to analyze the impact of utilization productive zakat against the welfare of mustahik based on maqasid shariah. The research using is primary data through intervie ws with questionnaires in three areas, namely Bandung, Bandung Regency and West Bandung Regency. The variables that used on this research are the amount of productive zakat, business mentoring and welfare of mustahik. This research us ed survey explanatory with the quantitative approach. While the population of the research as much as 1581 people and samples taken as many as 100 respondents mustahik MiSykat DPU DT Bandung purposive sampling technique. Based on multiple linear regression analysis with Eviews9 shows that in the partial and together of zakat productive and influential business mentoring positive significantly to material welfare mustahik of 59.48%. In addition to that of the spiritual side of mustahik i.e. an increase in acts of worship such as the daily routine of giving charity, and toleave the usurioustransaction. Thus the utilization of productive zakat through mentoring in routine can improve the material and spiritual conditions of the mustahik so that it can reflect trends based on Isl amic Welfare. Keywords:Productive zakat,welfare, maqasid shariah, MiSykat

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S EKI PER i-2017; Pembimbing : I. A. Jajang W. Mahri, II. Aas Nurasyiah; NIM. 1300722
Uncontrolled Keywords: zakat produktif, kesejahteraan,maqashid syariah, MiSykat, productive zakat,welfare, maqasid shariah, MiSykat
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory
H Social Sciences > HG Finance
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ekonomi dan Bisnis > Ilmu Ekonomi dan Keuangan Islam
Depositing User: Mr Hada Hidayat
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2018 04:02
Last Modified: 31 Aug 2018 09:05
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/31350

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