ANALISIS BUKU BIOLOGI KELAS X BERDASARKAN MUATAN LITERASI SAINS

An Nisaa, Ranti (2016) ANALISIS BUKU BIOLOGI KELAS X BERDASARKAN MUATAN LITERASI SAINS. S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk menganalisis ruang lingkup literasi sains yang mencakup aspek konteks, kompetensi, pengetahuan, dan sikap pada buku teks Biologi SMA Kelas X yang digunakan di sekolah-sekolah. Analisis buku teks Biologi ini perlu dilakukan karena sebagian besar guru Biologi sekolah menengah menggunakan perangkat pembelajaran ini sebagai acuan pembelajaran di kelas. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dokumentasi dengan cara analisis isi yaitu menghimpun dan menganalis isi buku teks yang diamati tanpa memberi perlakuan yang dilakukan pada dua buah buku teks Biologi kelas X, yakni buku Kurikulum 2006/KTSP dan buku Kurikulum 2013 (buku X dan Y). Pembahasan difokuskan pada pemaparan komponen literasi sains berdasarkan kerangka kerja yang diadaptasi dari draft PISA 2015 yang terdiri dari empat aspek terkait, yaitu aspek konteks, kompetensi, pengetahuan, dan sikap. Analisis data penelitian menggunakan statistik deskriptif dengan menghitung frekuensi dan persentase yang disajikan dalam bentuk tabel dan diagram dari hasil analisis isi/konten buku teks Biologi. Hasil analisis data menunjukkan bahwa aspek pengetahuan merupakan aspek yang paling ditekankan dari kedua buku (buku X = 79%; buku Y = 85%), terutama pengetahuan konten (X = 86%; Y = 82%), sedangkan aspek yang paling sedikit muncul adalah aspek sikap (X = 3%; Y = 2%). Dalam aspek konteks, lingkup global merupakan lingkup yang paling banyak muncul di dalamnya (X = 36%; Y = 42%), dengan pembahasan utama mengenai sumber daya alam (X = 62%; Y = 49%). Secara keseluruhan, temuan ini memunculkan kekhawatiran tentang tidak proporsionalnya buku teks Biologi untuk mendidik siswa secara literasi ilmiah. Kata kunci: analisis buku, literasi sains, aspek konteks, aspek kompetensi, aspek pengetahuan, aspek sikap. The purpose of this study was to analyze the content of scientific literacy that included four interrelated aspects. They are aspects of contexts, competencies, knowledge, and attitudes in high school Biology textbooks for 10th grade. Analysis of Biology textbooks is necessary because most of the high school Biology teachers use textbook as a learning tool in the classroom reference. The method used in this study is descriptive documentation by content analysis is to collect and analyze the content of textbooks are observed without giving any treatment on two Biology textbooks for 10th grade, the curriculum books 2006/KTSP and curriculum book in 2013 (book X and Y). The discussion focused on the explanation of scientific literacy component based framework adapted from the draft PISA 2015 consist of four interrelated aspects are the aspect of context, competencies, knowledge, and attitudes. Data analysis using descriptive statistics to calculate frequencies and percentages presented in tables and diagram of the result of the content analysis of Biology textbooks. The result showed that the aspect of knowledge is the most emphasized aspect of the book (book X = 79%; book Y = 85%), especially knowledge of the content (X = 86%; Y = 82%). While aspects of the least appear are aspects of attitudes (X = 3%; Y = 2%). In the aspect of context, the global scope is the scope of most emerge in the biology textbooks (X = 36%; Y = 42%), with the main discussion about natural resources (X = 62%; Y = 49%). Overall, these findings raise the concerns about disproportionate Biology textbooks to educate scientifically literate students. Keywords: analysis of textbook, scientific literacy, aspect of contexts, aspect of competencies, aspect of knowledge, aspect of attitudes.

Item Type: Skripsi Tesis Atau Disertasi (S2)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : T BIO NIS a-2016; Pembimbing : I. Diana Rochintaniawati, II. Any Fitriani
Uncontrolled Keywords: analisis buku, literasi sains, aspek konteks, aspek kompetensi, aspek pengetahuan, aspek sikap.
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Biologi S-2
Depositing User: Mrs. Neni Sumarni
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 07:47
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2017 07:47
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/23132

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