TEACHING ORAL COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES IN EFL SPEAKING CLASSES (A Quasi-Experimental Study in a Private University in Kuningan, Indonesia)

Yuniarti, - (2015) TEACHING ORAL COMMUNICATION STRATEGIES IN EFL SPEAKING CLASSES (A Quasi-Experimental Study in a Private University in Kuningan, Indonesia). S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

This study reports on applying the teaching of oral communication strategies (OCSs) in the speaking class to improve students’ speaking skill. This study was designed in a quasi-experimental research. 53 undergraduate EFL students in the English Department of a private university in Kuningan were purposively chosen as the participant of the course. They were grouped into control and experimental classes. The course material of OCSs was adapted from a study conducted by Nakatani (2005). The effects of teaching OCSs were assessed by 2 types of data collection: the participants’ pre-test and posttest speaking scores, and the transcription from the tests. The first result showed that the most frequently used OCSs in the speaking class were filled pauses, interlanguage-based, false starts, providing active response, first-language-based, and approximation strategy. Then, second, the paired t-test computation of students’ pre-test and posttest scores resulted that the tobs value was -12.219 (negative value was considered as positive value). When df was 27, the tcrit value at the 0.05 level was 2.052. So, the t result indicated that tobs was greater than tcrit. Therefore, it can be concluded that the teaching of OCSs in the EFL speaking class had a significant effect in developing the students’ speaking ability. The third, the questionnaires of students’ perception presented that their attitudes toward the teaching of OCSs in the EFL speaking class were favorable. It indicates that such training activities are relatively applicable to use in the language classroom. Key words: EFL teaching, oral communication strategies, speaking skill Thesis ini melaporkan hasil dari penelitian mengajarkan oral communication strategies (OCSs) di kelas speaking untuk meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara mahasiswa. Penelitian ini dirancang dalam bentuk penelitian quasi-eksperimen. 53 orang mahasiswa penutur asing dari program study Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris dipilih untuk menjadi partisipan. Mereka dikelompokkan menjadi kelas control dan kelas ekperimen. Materi perkuliahan OCSs diadaptasi dari penelitian yang telah dilakukan oleh Nakatani (2005). Efek dari pengajaran OCSs diuji dengan dua jenis pengumpulan data: nilai pre-test dan posttest speaking mahasiswa, dan transkrip dari tes speaking. Hasil yang pertama menunjukkan bahwa OCSs yang paling sering digunakan dalam kelas speaking adalah filled pauses, interlanguage-based, false starts, providing active response, first-language-based, dan approximation strategy. Kemudian, yang kedua, hasil penghitungan nilai pre-test dan posttest dengan paired t-test menunjukkan bahwa nilai tobs adalah -12.219 (nilai negative dianggap positif). Ketika df 27, nilai tcrit pada level 0.05 adalah 2.052. Jadi, hasil t mengindikasikan bahwa tobs lebih besar dari tcrit. Maka dari itu, dapat disimpulkan bahwa pengajaran OCSs di kelas Speaking bagi mahasiswa penutur asing telah menunjukkan efek yang signifikan dalam meningkatkan kemampuan berbicara mahasiswa. Yang ketiga, hasil dari angket persepsi mahasiwa menunjukkan bahwa sikap mahasiswa terhadap pengajaran OCSs dalam kelas Speaking bagi mahasiswa penutur asing sangatlah baik. Hal ini mengindikasikan bahwa pelatihan tersebut dapat diaplikasikan dalam kelas bahasa. Kata kunci: pengajaran EFL, oral communication strategies, keahlian berbicara

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S2)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: T_BING_YUN t-2015; Pembimbing : I. Nenden Sri Lengkanawati
Uncontrolled Keywords: EFL teaching, oral communication strategies, speaking skill
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
P Language and Literature > PE English
P Language and Literature > PN Literature (General)
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris S-2
Depositing User: Mr. Cahya Mulyana
Date Deposited: 14 Nov 2016 03:09
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2016 03:09
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/22359

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