PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF ANAK MELALUI PENERAPAN METODE EKSPERIMEN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SAINS PADA ANAK

Fidiyani, Intan Martha (2015) PENINGKATAN KEMAMPUAN KOGNITIF ANAK MELALUI PENERAPAN METODE EKSPERIMEN DALAM PEMBELAJARAN SAINS PADA ANAK. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah melaksanakan pembelajaran dengan menggunakan metode eksperimen/percobaan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan kognitif anak di TK. Kartini Desa Jatitengah Kecamatan Jatitujuh Kabupaten Majalengka. Jenis penelitian yang digunakan yaitu Peneletian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) yang mencakup aspek penilaian pengembangan kognitif yaitu 1). Mengenal dan Mencampur Warna, 2). Mengenal Sebab Akibat Terjadinya Hujan, 3). Mengenal Perbedaan Kasar dan Halus, 4). Meniru Pola, 5). Menyusun Kepingan Puzzle. Adapun subjek penelitian adalah anak kelompok B TK. Kartini Desa Jatitengah Kecamatan Jatitujuh Kabupaten Majalengka tahun pelajaran 2014-2015 yang berjumlah 39 anak. Berdasarkan hasil observasi bahwa penerapan metode eksperimen/percobaan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan kognitif anak menunjukan perkembangan yang sangat baik. Hal ini terlihat dari peningkatan setiap siklusnya, diantaranya siklus I 18,97% anak Belum Berkembang (BB), 72,82 anak Mulai Berkembang (MB), 8,20% anak Berkembang Sesuai Harapan, dan 0% anak Berkembang Sangat Baik (BSB). nilai rata-ratanya diperoleh sebesar 1,9 dan ketuntasan belajarnya mencapai 47,24%. Pada siklus II mengalami peningkatan diantaranya 1,54% anak yang Belum Berkembang (BB), 41,74% anak Mulai Berkembang (MB), 41,54% anak Berkembang Sesuai Harapan (BSH), 11,28% anak Berkembang Sangat Baik (BSB) nilai rata-ratanya diperoleh sebesar 2,56 dan ketuntasan belajarnya mencapai 64,49% dan pada siklus III yaitu mengalami peningkatan yang sangat mengembirakan yaitu 0% anak Belum Berkembang (BB), 0,51% anak mulai Berkembang (MB), 46,67% anak Berkembang Sesuai Harapan (BSH) dan 52,82% anak yang Berkembang Sangat Baik (BSB) nilai rata-ratanya diperoleh sebesar 3,5 dan ketuntasan belajarnya mencapai 87,44%. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan metode eksperimen dapat meningkatkan kemampuan kognitif anak. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah guru dapat menggunakan metode eksperimen dalam kegiatan pembelajaran di TK. ---------- The aim of this study is to carry out learning by using experimental methods / experiments to improve the cognitive abilities of children in kindergarten. Kartini Village Jatitengah District of Jatitujuh Majalengka. This type of research is peneletian action (PTK) which covers aspects of assessment of cognitive development that is 1). Recognize and Mixing Colors, 2). Know the Cause and Effect Occurrence Rain, 3). Know the Differences Rough and Smooth, 4). The pattern mimics, 5). Develop Pieces of Puzzle. The research subjects are children in group B TK. Kartini Village Subdistrict Jatitengah Jatitujuh Majalengka District 2014-2015 school year totaling 39 children. Based on the observation that the application of the experimental method / experiments to improve the cognitive abilities of children showed a very good development. This is evident from the increase in each cycle, the first cycle of which 18.97% of children Not Evolve (BB), 72.82 Growing children Start (MB), 8.20% Developing Appropriate child Hope, and 0% of children Developing Excellent (BSB ). the average value obtained was 1.9 and mastery learning reaches 47.24%. In the second cycle increased 1.54% among children Not Evolve (BB), 41.74% of children Start Developing (MB), 41.54% of children Developing accordance Hope (BSH), 11.28% of children Developing Excellent ( BSB) the average value obtained by 2.56 and mastery learning reached 64.49% and in the third cycle which has increased very encouraging that 0% of children Not Evolve (BB), 0.51% of children begin Developing (MB), 46.67% of children Developing accordance Hope (BSH) and 52.82% of children who Growing Very Well (BSB) mean values were obtained at 3.5 and mastery learning reaches 87.44%. Based on the results of this study concluded that the application of the experimental method can improve the cognitive abilities of children. Recommendations from this study was the teacher can use experimental methods in learning activities in kindergarten.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S PEA SAR p-2015 ; Pembimbing : I.Ali Nugraha, II. Rita Mariyana
Uncontrolled Keywords: Kognitif Anak, Metode Eksperimen, Pembelajaran Sains,Child Cognitive
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGPAUD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Mr. Tri Agung
Date Deposited: 15 Jul 2016 08:55
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2016 08:55
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/20480

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