TINGKAT KECUKUPAN KONSUMSI PROTEIN HEWANI ANAK BAWAH LIMA TAHUN DI KELURAHAN BATUJAJAR TIMUR

Giga Lusnita Pratami, - (2019) TINGKAT KECUKUPAN KONSUMSI PROTEIN HEWANI ANAK BAWAH LIMA TAHUN DI KELURAHAN BATUJAJAR TIMUR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Usia balita merupakan periode penting dalam proses kehidupan manusia. Di masa ini balita mengalami percepatan pertumbuhan atau sering di kenal growth sprut. Pada saat balita mengalami growth spurt, sel-sel dalam tubuh akan berkembang lebih cepat sehingga pemilihan makanan penting untuk pemenuhan gizi agar menunjang proses growth spurt. Konsumsi ikan menjadi salah satu alternatif karena ikan mengandung omega 3 yang dapat membantu kecerdasan anak. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui frekuensi konsumsi ikan, jenis ikan yang dikonsumsi serta kontribusi ikan terhadap kecukupan protein pada balita. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah penelitian deskriptif dengan desain cross sectional.Teknik pengambilan sampel yaitu simple random sampling dengan jumlah responden 92 orang. Instrumen berupa semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire dan recall 2x24 jam. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan frekuensi konsumsi ikan lebih dari setengahnya tidak mengkonsumsi ikan air tawar (77%) dan ikan air laut (84%). Ikan yang paling sering dikonsumsi adalah ikan nila yaitu sebanyak 86% responden pernah mengkonsumsi ikan nila pada frekuensi 3-4 kali perminggu sebanyak 17% responden; frekunsi 1 kali perminggu 51% responden; dan 1 kali perbulan 17% responden. Nilai kontribusi kecukupan protein ikan pada usia 1-3 tahun sebesar 12 % dan pada usia 4 tahun sebesar 8,1 % yang dapat diartikan bahwa konsumsi ikan balita pada usia 1-3 tahun dan 4 tahun kurang memberikan kontribusi yang baik terhadap kecukupan protein harian. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian ini diharapkan masyarakat dapat meningkatkan konsumsi ikan, mengingat ikan memiliki berbagai sumberber zat gizi yang penting bagi tumbuh kembang anak.----------Toddler age is an important period in the process of human life. At this time, toddlers experience accelerated growth or often known as growth spurt. When a toddler experiences growth spurt, cells in the body will develop faster so food selection is important for the fulfillment of nutrition to support the growth spurt process. Fish consumption is an alternative because fish contain omega 3 which can help the intelligence of children. The purpose of this study was to determine the frequency of consumption, types of fish consumed and the contribution of fish to the adequacy of protein in toddlers. The research method used is descriptive research with a cross-sectional design. The sampling technique is simple random sampling with 92 respondents. The instruments were semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaires and 48-hour recall. The results showed the frequency of fish consumption more than half did not consume freshwater (77%) and seawater fish (84%). The most frequently consumed fish are tilapia, as many as 86% of respondents have consumed tilapia at a frequency of 3-4 times per week, as many as 17% of respondents; frequency 1 time per week 51% of respondents; and once a month 17% of respondents. The contribution value of fish protein adequacy at the age of 1-3 years is 12% and at the age of 4 years, it is 8.1% which can be interpreted that the consumption of under five fish at the age of 1-3 years and 4 years is not giving a good contribution to the adequacy of daily protein. the results of this study are expected by the community to be able to increase fish consumption, considering that fish have a variety of nutritious sources that are important for children's growth and development.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ikan, Balita, Protein Hewani, Kecukupan konsumsi, Frekuensi konsumsi.
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan > Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga > Program Studi Pendidikan Tata Boga
Depositing User: GigaLusnitaP
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2020 05:31
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2020 05:31
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/43970

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