VIOLATION OF THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN COURT CONTEXT

Riestania, Maharani (2017) VIOLATION OF THE COOPERATIVE PRINCIPLE IN COURT CONTEXT. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Studi ini menganalisis percakapan di dalam persidangan berdasarkan teori prinsip kerja sama. Studi ini bertujuan untuk memeriksa bagaimana seorang terdakwa melanggar prinsip kerja sama selama investigasi persidangan. Selain itu, studi ini juga bertujuan untuk menganalisis efek perlokusi pelanggaran pada jaksa. Studi ini menggunakan pendekatan deskriptif kualitatif. Data yang digunakan terdiri dari transkrip percakapan antara seorang terdakwa dengan tujuh jaksa dalam pengadilan kasus sianida sesi sidang ke 21. Data dianailisis dengan menggunakan teori prinsip kerja sama milik Grice (1975). Tindakan perlokusi milik Austin (1962) juga digunakan untuk memeriksa efek dari pelanggaran. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa terdakwa melanggar prinsip kerja sama melalui pelanggaran (1) prinsip kualitas saja; (2) prinsip kualitas dibantu pelanggaran maxim (kuantitas, relevansi, dan cara). Pelanggaran prinsip kualitas saja dilakukan dengan memberikan jawaban negatif dan menunjukan kurangnya ingatan. Sedangkan, pelanggaran prinsip kualitas dibantu pelanggaran prinsip lain, dilakukan dengan memberikan aspek informasi yang tidak relevan dan menyampaikan jawaban yang berbelit. Sehubungan dengan efek perlokusi pada jaksa, pelanggaran memicu beberapa respon tertentu dari para jaksa, yaitu, mengulang pertanyaan, mengungkap fakta, komplain terhadap jawaban terdakwa, dan mengarahkan terdakwa mengakui fakta kebenaran. Efek perlokusi mengindikasikan walaupun pelanggaran prinsip kerja sama kemungkinan membantu terdakwa menyembunyikan kebeneran dalam jawabanya, para jakwa tidak lantas menerima jawaban-jawaban tersebut dengan mudah. Para jaksa nampaknya lebih melandaskan respon mereka pada informasi yang telah mereka peroleh sebelumnya.---------- The present study explores exchanges in a court trial based on the theory of cooperative principle (CP). This study aims to examine how a defendant violates the cooperative principle during an investigation in a trial. In addition, this study also seeks to analyze the perlocutionary effect of the violation on the prosecutors. This study employs a descriptive qualitative approach. The data comprise transcripts of conversations between a defendant and seven prosecutors with regard to the cyanide court case in the 21st court session. The data were analyzed by using Grice’s (1975) theory of cooperative principle. Austin’s (1962) account of the perlocutionary act is also used to examine the effect of the violation. The findings show that the defendant violated the cooperative principle through violation of (1) the quality maxim alone and (2) the quality maxim aided with a breach of other maxims (quantity, relation or manner).Violations of the quality maxim alone were committed by giving negative answers and showing lack of memory. Meanwhile, violations of the quality maxim aided with the breach of other maxims were committed by giving irrelevant aspects of information and conveying convoluted answers. With regard to perlocutionary effect on the prosecutors, the violations gave rise to certain responses from the prosecutors, i.e. repeating the questions, revealing the facts, complaining about the defendant’s answers, and directing the defendant to admit the truth. The perlocutionary effect indicates that although violations of the cooperative principle might help the defendant to hide the truth in her answers, the prosecutors did not accept the answers easily. The prosecutors appeared to base their responses more on the information that they had gained previously.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S ING RIE v-2017 ; Pembimbing :I. , II.; NIM:
Uncontrolled Keywords: cooperative principle, maxims, violation, perlocutionary act, court
Subjects: K Law > K Law (General)
P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris > Program Studi Bahasa dan Sastra Inggris (nonpendidikan)
Depositing User: DAM staf
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2018 02:21
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2018 02:21
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/31578

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