KONSEP DASAR TASAWUF AL-IMAM AL-ALLAMAH SAYYID ‘ABDULLAH BIN ‘ALWI AL-HADDAD DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN PAI DI PERSEKOLAHAN

Firdaus, Irfan (2017) KONSEP DASAR TASAWUF AL-IMAM AL-ALLAMAH SAYYID ‘ABDULLAH BIN ‘ALWI AL-HADDAD DAN IMPLIKASINYA TERHADAP PEMBELAJARAN PAI DI PERSEKOLAHAN. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh fenomena yang terdapat pada masyarakat Indonesia yang sekarang ini mengalami krisis keimanan, yang akhirnya berdampak terhadap krisis akhlak dan juga krisis ibadah. Hal ini dikarenakan adanya ideologi modern yang berasal dari Barat. Sekularisme, liberalisme, dan materialisme Barat telah masuk ke dalam kehidupan sampai kepada dunia pendidikan dan kebudayaan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan konsep dasar tasawuf Sayyid ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad dan implikasinya terhadap pembelajaran PAI di persekolahan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Adapun pengumpulan data peneliti menggunakan teknik studi literatur (library research). Hasil dari konsep dasar tasawuf Sayyid ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad ialah: ilmu, amal, wara’, khauf (takut), dan ikhlas. Sedangkan pengamalan wiridnya ialah: wirid berupa shalat-shalat sunnah, shalat rawatib dan witir, shalat tahajjud dan dhuha, Tilawatul Qur’an, mempelajari ilmu bermanfaat, zikir, dan tafakur. Adapun jalan menuju kebahagiaan menurut Sayyid ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad ialah: taubat dan istighfar, harap dan takut, sabar, syukur, zuhud, tawakkal, mahabbah (cinta), ridha, mujahadah (bersungguh-sungguh kepada Allah), dan muraqabah (merasakan pengawasan Allah). Adapun implikasi konsep dasar tasawuf terhadap pembelajaran PAI ialah: (1) Konsep dari ilmu adalah pembelajaran tidak hanya diberikan untuk pemahaman atau kecerdasan pengetahuan saja, tetapi juga diberikan kajian-kajian tasawuf yang bisa memperkuat hati dan juga iman, (2) Konsep amal yaitu dari pembelajaran peserta didik diharapkan bisa mengamalkan semua pelajaran yang bersangkutan dengan Pendidikan Agama Islam, (3) Konsep wara’ yaitu dari pembelajaran peserta didik diharapkan mempunyai sifat kehati-hatian untuk memiliki barang yang bukan miliknya, (4) Konsep khauf yaitu dalam pembelajaran guru harus membimbing peserta didik untuk melakukan suatu kebaikan yang nyata seperti shalat, puasa, zakat dan lain-lain juga memberitahukan hukuman-hukuman jika meninggalkannya dan ganjaran-ganjaran jika mengamalkannya, (5) Konsep ikhlas yaitu pada pembelajaran guru harus menanamkan rasa percaya diri kepada peserta didik untuk melakukan ibadah dengan seyakin-yakinnya dan bukan untuk mendapatkan nilai atau pujian tanpa harus disuruh oleh guru atau sengaja meninggalkannya. ; ---- This research is based on the phenomenon that occurred in Indonesian society which recently is having faith crisis resulted in behavior and worship crisis. It is caused by modern ideology originated from West. Secularism, liberalism, and Western materialism have come and induced into daily life that reached into education and culture. This research aimed to describe the basic concept of Al-Imam Al-Allamah Sayyid ‘Abdullah bin ‘Alwi Al-Haddad’s tasawuf and its implications to Islamic Religion Studies learning in Schools. The method used is descriptive with qualitative approach. The data collected by the researcher by using library research technique. The result of the basic concept of Sayyid ‘Abdullah Al-Haddad’s tasawuf is a discipline, deed, wara’ (careful), khauf (fearful), and sincerity. Meanwhile the wirid practices includes sunnah prayers, rawatib and witir prayer, tahajjud and dhuha prayer, Tilawatul Qur’an (reciting Al-Qur’an), learning the meaningful knowledge, zikir, and tafakur. The path to the happiness according to Sayyid ‘Abdullah Al-Hadad is reached by; compunction and istighfar, hopeful and fearful, be patience, be grateful, zuhud, tawakkal, mahabbah (to love), ridha, mujahadah (an oath to Allah), and muraqabah (to fell that Allah is always watching). The implications towards the Islamic Religion Studies are: (1) Concept of a discipline is learning is not only given to be understood or merely for intelligence knowledge, but they also given the tasawuf explanations that strengthen the heart and faith, (2) Concept of deed , from the learning process, students are expected to be able to live the knowledge related to the Islamic Religion Studies, (3) Concept of wara’, from the learning process, the students are expected to have carefulness to belongings that are not in their possession, (4) Concept of khauf is whereas is a learning process, a teacher must guide the students to do real good deeds such as shalat (pray), fasting, alms and others which also taught the consequences if one did not do such deeds, and the rewards, (5) Concept of sincerity which is on a learning process the teacher must grew the students’ confidence to conduct the deeds with as convinced as possible not because of grades or compliment without being told by teachers or not to conduct them by their own means.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S PAI FIR k-2017 ; Pembimbing : I. Aceng Kosasih , II. Fahrudin .
Uncontrolled Keywords: Tasawuf, Implikasi, Pembelajaran Pendidikan Agama Islam, Tasawuf, Implications, Islamic Religion Studies
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BL Religion
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial > Pendidikan Agama Islam
Depositing User: Mr. Arif Rezkyana Nugraha
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2018 03:51
Last Modified: 05 Feb 2018 03:51
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/29041

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