PENERAPAN MODEL TALKING STICK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR BAHASA INDONESIA SISWA KELAS III SEKOLAH DASAR

Sadi, Derex Alexanader (2015) PENERAPAN MODEL TALKING STICK UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR BAHASA INDONESIA SISWA KELAS III SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi dengan adanya kenyataan di lapangan bahwa hasil belajar siswa kelas III SDN Cirateun masih rendah. Karena guru masih menggunakan metode pembelajarn yang sederhana seperti ceramah dan juga kekurangan fasilitas sarana dan prasana. Hal ini mengakibatkan siswa kurang mampu menyerap dan mengikuti materi pembelajaran dengan baik sehingga ada beberapa siswa yang kemampuan berpikir dan hasil belajarnya masih jauh dibandingkan dengan siswa yang lainnya. Untuk itu penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui peningkatan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia dengan menggunakan model Talking Stick. PTK menurut (Kemmis S & Mc Taggart, 1992) dengan langkah-langkah penelitian meliputi tahap-tahap berikut: 1) Perencaan, 2) Pelaksanaan tindakan, 3) Observasi, 4) Refleksi. dengan tiga siklus dan pokok bahasan yang digunakan membaca dan menyimpulkan teks cerita “Benda-benda dikelasku”. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan menggunakan beberapa instrumen pengumpulan data. Instrumen pembelajaran terdiri dari RPP dan Lembar Kerja Siswa, sedangkan instrumen pengumpulan data berupa format penilaian RPP, lembar evaluasi dan lembar observasi aktivitas guru serta lembar observasi aktivitas siswa. Langkah-langkah penerapan model talking stick sebagai berikut: 1) tahap pendahuluan, dimana guru dan siswa bertanya jawab serta guru mengemukakan kegiatan sehari-hari siswa, sambil tongkat disediakan oleh guru, 2) tahap pembentukan konsep, pada tahap ini guru menggunakan model talking stick yang akan disertai dengan lagu nyanyian dalam tongkat tersebut ada pertanyaan yang sudah di buat oleh guru, 3) tahap selanjutnya, guru melakukan penjelasan kembali tentang materi teks cerita yang sudah diberikan pada siswa, 4) tahap pemantapan konsep melalui tanya jawab dimana guru dan siswa bertanya jawab serta guru membenarkan konsep yang belum di pahami siswa, 5) tahap evaluasi, siswa mengerjakan soal evaluasi untuk mengukur sejauh mana penguasaan materi yang telah dipelajari. Meskipun terjadi beberapa kendala dalam pelaksanaan, namun secara keseluruhan pembelajaran terlah terlaksana dengan baik dan efektif. Hal ini dapat dilihat dari hasil penelitian dilapangan pada siklus I melalui kegiatan berkelompok nilai rata-rata 40, dengan ketuntasan 65,34%, dan pada siklus II melalui kegiatan berpasangan nilai rata-rata 94,70 dengan ketuntasan 88,15%, dan pada siklus III melalui kegiatan individu nilai rata-rata 81,40 dengan ketuntasan 88,52%. Data tersebut menunjukan bahwa pada penelitian ini dalam penerapan model talking stick pada pelajaran Bahasa Indonesia di kelas III SDN Cirateun terlaksana efektif. Oleh karena itu peneliti menerapkan suatu model pembelajaran, yaitu model pembelajaran talking stick yang mampu memotivasi siswa sehingga hasil belajar siswa sangat meningkat. This research is motivated by the facts on the ground that the results of the third grade students of SDN Cirateun still low. Because teachers are still using simple methods such as lectures pembelajarn and also shortage of infrastructure facilities and infrastructures. This resulted in students less able to absorb and follow the learning material so well that there are some students thinking skills and learning results are still far compared with other students. For this study aims to determine the increase in student learning outcomes in learning Indonesian by using models Talking Stick. PTK according to (Kemmis S &Mc Taggart, 1992) with research steps include the following phases: 1) Planning, 2) Implementation of the action, 3) Observation, 4) Reflection. with three cycles and subject matter that is used to read and text concludes the story "The objects in my class". Data collection is done by using several data collection instruments. Learning instrument consists of RPP and the Student Worksheet, while the data collection instruments such as the format of the RPP assessment, evaluation sheets and sheets of observations observation of teacher activity and student activity sheets. Step-by-step implementation of the model talking stick as follows: 1) the preliminary stage, where teachers and students as well as teachers' questioning suggests the daily activities of students, while the stick is provided by teachers, 2) the stage of concept formation, at this stage, the teacher uses a model talking stick which will be accompanied by singing songs in the sticks there are questions that have been created by teachers, 3) the next stage, teachers are doing back annotation of text material the story that has been given to the student, 4) strengthening the concept stage through debriefing where teachers and students ask responsibility and justify the concept of teachers who have not understood the students, 5) evaluation phase, students work on the problems of evaluation to measure the extent of mastery of the material that has been studied. Despite a few obstacles in the implementation, but the overall learning superbly implemented properly and effectively. It can be seen from the results of research in the field in the first cycle through group activities an average value of 40, with mastery 65.34%, and the second cycle through the average value pairs 94.70 with 88.15% completeness, and in III cycle through individual activity average value of 81.40 with 88.52% completeness. Data show that in this study the application of the model talking stick on Indonesian lessons in class III SDN Cirateun been effective. Therefore, researchers applied a model of learning, ie learning model talking stick that can motivate students so that greatly improved student learning outcomes.

Item Type: Skripsi Tesis Atau Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S PGSD SAD p-2015; Pembimbing: I. Effy Mulyasari, II. Arie Rahkmat Riyadi
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hasil Belajar, Model Pembelajaran Talking Stick
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Mr. Tri Agung
Date Deposited: 29 Oct 2015 04:24
Last Modified: 29 Oct 2015 04:24
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/18249

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