PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN FISIKA SEKOLAH BERORIENTASI KEMAMPUAN BERARGUMENTASI CALON GURU FISIKA

Muslim, - (2014) PENGEMBANGAN PROGRAM PERKULIAHAN FISIKA SEKOLAH BERORIENTASI KEMAMPUAN BERARGUMENTASI CALON GURU FISIKA. eprint_fieldopt_thesis_type_phd thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Penelitian untuk mengembangkan Program Perkuliahan Fisika Sekolah Berorientasi Kemampuan Berargumentasi (PPFS-BKB) calon guru fisika dilakukan dengan menggunakan desain R & D. Dalam tahap pendefinisian (define) dilakukan analisis kebutuhan. Tahap pendesainan (design) dilakukan berdasarkan hasil studi literatur dan studi lapangan. Dalam tahap pengembangan (develop) dilakukan pembuatan draft PPFS-BKB, validasi ahli dan ujicoba terbatas. Draft PPFS-BKB hasil penyempurnaan diimplementasikan pada ujicoba luas menggunakan metode quasi experimental dengan pretest-posttest control group design. Subjek penelitian adalah mahasiswa Jurusan Pendidikan Fisika pada salah satu LPTK di Bandung yang mengontrak mata kuliah Fisika Sekolah pada semester ganjil tahun akademik 2012/2013 yang terdiri atas 26 mahasiswa kelas eksperimen dan 24 mahasiswa kelas kontrol. Data kuantitatif dikumpulkan menggunakan instrumen tes kemampuan berargumentasi dan tes pemahaman konsep. Data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui wawancara, lembar observasi dan skala sikap. Dari hasil pengembangan diperoleh PPFS-BKB dengan karakteristik memiliki sintaks yang terdiri atas empat tahap, yaitu tahap: (1) identifikasi masalah, (2) pembangkitan argumen tentatif, (3) sesi argumentasi, dan (4) penulisan argumen. Hasil implementasi PPFS-BKB pada ujicoba luas menunjukkan bahwa peningkatan kemampuan berargumentasi mahasiswa kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol. Peningkatan kemampuan berargumentasi terjadi pada semua unsur argumentasi. Peningkatan pemahaman konsep mahasiswa kelas eksperimen lebih tinggi dari kelas kontrol. Peningkatan pemahaman konsep terjadi pada semua aspek pemahaman konsep. Terdapat korelasi yang kuat antara peningkatan pemahaman konsep dan peningkatan kemampuan berargumentasi. Disimpulkan bahwa implementasi PPFS-BKB lebih efektif dalam meningkatkan kemampuan berargumentasi dan pemahaman konsep calon guru fisika dibandingkan dengan pembelajaran konvensional. Dosen dan mahasiswa memberikan tanggapan menyetujui penerapan PPFS-BKB. Kekuatan PPFS-BKB dapat membantu mahasiswa memahami konsep-konsep fisika sekolah, menumbuhkan kebiasaan berpikir kritis dan logis, mengkonstruksi argumentasi, membangun pengetahuan melalui komunitas ilmiah secara berkolaborasi, dan memiliki tanggung jawab belajar. Research to develop an Argumentative Skills Oriented School Physics Course Program (PPFS-BKB) for prospective physics teacher was conducted using R & D design. The need analysis was conducted in the define phase, while design phase is based on literature studies and field studies, and the develop phase was conducted PPFS-BKB drafting, experts validation, and limited trials. The result of improvements of PPFS-BKB draft implemented in extensive trials using quasi experimental methode with pretest-posttest control group design. Research subjects are students in the Department of Physics Education at one LPTK in Bandung which is contracting with subjects Physics School in odd semester of the academic year 2012/2013 consisting of 26 students of the experimental class and the control class of 24 students. Quantitative data was collected using argumentative skills test and concepts understanding test instruments. On the other hand, qualitative data were collected through interviews, observational sheets, and attitude scale instruments. The results of development obtained PPFS-BKB has a syntax that consists of four characteristic stages, namely: (1) identification of the problem, (2) generation of tentative arguments, (3) the argumentation session, and (4) writing arguments. The results of extensive tests PPFS-BKB implementation shows the improvement of argumentative skills in experimental class students were higher than the control class. The improvement of argumentative skills engaging in all the argumentative elements. The improvement of concept understanding in experimental class students were higher than the control class. The Improvement of concept understanding occurs in all aspects. There is a strong correlation between the improvement of students’ concept understanding and the improvement of students’ argumentative skills. In conclusion, PPFS-BKB implementation is more effective in improving the prospective physics teachers’ argumentative skills and concepts understanding compared to conventional learning. PPFS-BKB implementation got positive responses from both faculty members and students. PPFS-BKB are able to help students understand the school physics concepts, cultivate the habit of ctitical and logical thinking, the arguments construction, construct knowledge through the scientific community in collaboration, and develop a responsibility to learn.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (eprint_fieldopt_thesis_type_phd)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: D IPA MUS p-2014; Promotor: I. Andi Suhandi, II. Aloysius Rusli, anggota: Ida Kaniawati
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pengembangan program perkuliahan, kemampuan berargumentasi
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Q Science > QC Physics
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan IPA S-3
Depositing User: Mr Tatang Saja
Date Deposited: 28 Jul 2015 07:38
Last Modified: 28 Jul 2015 07:38
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/15279

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