PERENCANAAN CAMPURAN BETON KEKUATAN AWAL TINGGI (HIGH EARLY STRENGTH CONCRETE)DENGAN BAHAN TAMBAH SUPERPLASTICIZER TIPE POLYCARBOXYLATE ETHERS

Arif, Holidin (2013) PERENCANAAN CAMPURAN BETON KEKUATAN AWAL TINGGI (HIGH EARLY STRENGTH CONCRETE)DENGAN BAHAN TAMBAH SUPERPLASTICIZER TIPE POLYCARBOXYLATE ETHERS. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Saat ini pengembangan terbaru Superplasticizer yang berbahan dasar polycarboxylate telah secara luas digunakan dalam pekerjaan beton khususnya pada produk beton pracetak karena bisa mempercepat proses hidrasi pada beton sehingga didapat nilai kekuatan awal beton tinggi dengan acuan umur beton dalam hari bahkan dalam jam. Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk memberikan pengetahuan mengenai kelebihan perencanaan campuran beton (mix desain) dengan menambahkan Superplasticizer tipepolycarboxylate ethers (PCE) jika dibandingkan dengan mix desain beton normal di lihat dari sisi kelecakan, kuat tekan beton dan analisis biaya yang timbul. Sampelkubus ukuran 15 cm x 15 cm x 15 cm,terdiridaribendaujibeton normal (BN)danBenda ujipenambahansuperplasticizer PCE 1 % denganperkiraanreduksi air masing-masing 35 % (BTC Ra-35%), 40% (BTC Ra-40%), 45% (BTC Ra-45%) dan 50% (BTC Ra-50%). masing-masingvariasiterdiridari 3 sampleyang akan diujipadaumur6 jam dan 7, 14,21,28 hari sehingga total benda uji sebanyak 75 buah. Kuat tekanbeton rencana(f’c) padaumur 28 hariialah50 Mpa. HasilpengujianmenunjukanpenambahanSuperplasticizer tipepolycarboxylate ethers (PCE)sebesar 1% dapatmenambahnilaikelecakandankuattekanjikadibandingkandenganbeton normal (BN) tanpacampuranSuperplasticizer tipepolycarboxylate ethers (PCE).Hasilujinilai slump rata-rata beton normal (BN) : 1.3 cm, (BTC Ra-35%) : 18.5 cm, (BTC Ra-40%) : 22.8 cm. Hasilpengujiankuattekanbeton rata-rata yang telah di konversi ke benda uji silinderpadaumur 28 haribeton normal (BN) : 55.636 Mpa, (BTC Ra-35%) : 62.386 Mpa, (BTC Ra-40%) : 63.03 Mpa. Jikadilihatdarisisiekonomipemakaian PCE 1% berdampakpadapengurangan semen sehingamunculpenghematanmasing-masing(BTC Ra-35%) sebesar± 18,87 % ; (BTC Ra-40%) sebesar± 23,61 %jika di bandingkandenganhargacampuranbeton normal (BN). Tetapinilai workability yang terlalutinggipadacampuranbeton PCE 1% dengan FAS 0.31 adaresikoterjadiperistiwableedingdansegregasi. Kata kunci :Beton kekuatan awal tinggi,polycarboxylate ethers, superplasticizer. ABSTRACT Nowadays, the new development of Superplasticizer with the basic material of polycarboxylate has been used widely in the concrete work especially for the concrete precast product, because it can accelerate the hydration process, so that there is the value of high early strength concrete with the reference of concrete in some days, moreover in some hours. This research is used to give knowledge about the benefit of the plan of mixed concrete design by adding Superplasticizerpolycarboxylate ethers type (PCE), if it is compared with the normal mixed concrete design seen from the muddy side, the strong pressure of concrete, and the analysis of the cost which appeared. Sample of cube with the measure of 15 cm x 15 cm x 15 cm contains of the tested thing of the normal concrete (BN) and the tested thing of the additional Superplasticizer PCE 1 % with the approximation of each water reduction 35 % (BTC Ra-35 %), 40 % (BTC Ra-40 %), 45 % (BTC Ra-45 %) and 50 % (BTC Ra-50 %). Each variation contains of 3 samples which will be tested at the age of 6 hours and 7, 14, 21, 28 days, so that the total of the tested thing are 75. The strong pressures of planned concrete (f’c) at the age of 28 days are 50 Mpa. The result of the test which shows the increasing of Superplasticizerpolycarboxylate ethers type (PCE) with the number of 1 % can increase the value of the muddy and the strong pressure if it is compared with the normal concrete (BN) without mixed Superplasticizerpolycarboxylate ethers type (PCE). The result of the slumped average value test of normal concrete (BN): (BTC Ra-35%): 18.5 cm, (BTC Ra-40%): 22.8 cm. The result of the strong pressure of concrete average test which had been converted to the tested cylinder at the age of 28 days of the normal concrete (BN): 55.636 Mpa, (BTC Ra-35%): 62.386 Mpa, (BTC Ra-40%): 63.03 Mpa. If it is seen from the economical use side PCE 1 %, it will impact to the lack of sand, so that there is each saving (BTC Ra-35%) at the number of ± 18,87 %; (BTC Ra-40%) at the number of ± 23,61 % if it is compared with the cost of the mixed normal concrete (BN). But, the value of workability which is very high for the mixed normal concrete PCE 1 % with FAS 0.31 will consist of bleeding event and segregation. Keywords:High early strength concrete, polycarboxylate ethers, superplasticizer.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Subjects: Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia > Fakultas Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan > Jurusan Pendidikan Teknik Sipil > Program Studi Pendidikan Teknik Sipil
Divisions: Library of Congress Subject Areas > T Technology > TS Manufactures
Depositing User: Riki N Library ICT
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2014 08:01
Last Modified: 03 Feb 2014 08:01
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/6089

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