PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BRAIN-BASED LEARNING DENGAN PENGUATAN MEMORI KERJA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA

Ma'sum Ashari, - (2021) PENGEMBANGAN MODEL BRAIN-BASED LEARNING DENGAN PENGUATAN MEMORI KERJA DALAM PEMBELAJARAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN DI SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA. S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh adanya fakta bahwa keterampilan membaca memiliki hubungan yang tidak bisa dipisahkan dengan pendidikan. Data empiris menunjukkan bahwa kemampuan membaca memiliki implikasi terhadap prestasi dan hasil belajar. Di Indonesia sendiri, keterampilan membaca sudah diajarkan sejak duduk di bangku sekolah dasar, namun sampai saat ini kemampuan membaca siswa masih menunjukkan angka yang memprihatinkan. Tidak dipungkiri nyatanya membaca suatu kegiatan yang kompleks dan rumit yang melibatkan faktor kognitif dan komponen memori kerja di dalam otak. Data empiris menunjukkan pengatahuan dan self-efficacy guru terhadap konsep-konsep kognitif dan memori kerja yang berkaitan dengan pembelajaran membaca sangat terbatas. Hal tersebut menjadikan kesenjangan antara teori dan praktik pembelajaran membaca di kelas. Berdasarkan fakta dan data empiris tersebut dikembangkan model brain-based learning dengan penguatan memori kerja dalam pembelajaran membaca pemahaman dengan tujuan menciptakan produk pembelajaran yang kompatibel dengan otak. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu research and development, dengan 10 tahapan berdasarkan skema model yang dikemukakan Dick, Carey, dan Carey. Sumber dan data dalam penelitian ini dihimpun melalui teknik wawancara terhadap guru, angket kebutuhan terhadap guru serta siswa, validasi produk oleh ahli pembelajaran membaca, dan angket respons kelayakan produk oleh guru dan siswa. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan yaitu analisis deskiptif untuk data kualitatif dan teknik kuantitatif bagi data bersifat numeral. Penelitian ini menghasilkan model brain-based learning dengan penguatan pada memori kerja dalam pembelajaran membaca pemahaman. Model ini mempertimbangkan kondisi otak seperti orchestrated immersion, relaxed alertness, active processing. Langkah-langkah model ini yaitu persiapan, akuisisi, elaborasi, integrasi, dan evaluasi, serta memberikan penguatan memori pada tahap persiapan berupa media dan pada tahap akuisisi berupa bantuan organisasi/struktur bacaan. Hasil penelitian berupa validasi kelayakan produk pada evaluasi sumatif menunjukkan nilai rata-rata pada desain model yang dikembangkan yaitu 4,7 dengan kriteria sangat valid dan predikat sangat baik. Selain itu, berdasarkan respons yang diberikan oleh guru dan siswa menunjukkan hasil 4,2 dan 3,8 dengan kriteria sangat baik dan baik. This research is motivated by the fact that reading skills have an inseparable relationship with education. Empirical data show that reading ability has implications for achievement and learning outcomes. In Indonesia itself, reading skills have been taught since elementary school, but until now students' reading skills are still showing an alarming rate. It is undeniable that reading is a complex and complex activity that involves cognitive factors and working memory components in the brain. Empirical data shows that teachers' knowledge and self-efficacy of cognitive concepts and working memory related to reading learning is very limited. This creates a gap between the theory and practice of learning to read in the classroom. Based on these facts and empirical data, a brain-based learning model was developed by strengthening working memory in learning reading comprehension with the aim of creating learning products that are compatible with the brain. The research method used is research and development, with 10 stages based on the model scheme proposed by Dick, Carey, and Carey. Sources and data in this study were collected through interview techniques with teachers, observation questionnaires for teachers and students, product validation by reading learning experts, and product feasibility response questionnaires by teachers and students. The data analysis technique used is descriptive analysis for qualitative data and quantitative techniques for numerical data. This study produces a brain-based learning model with strengthening working memory in reading comprehension learning. This model considers brain conditions such as orchestrated immersion, relaxed alertness, active processing. The steps in this model are preparation, acquisition, elaboration, integration, and evaluation, as well as providing memory strengthening at the preparation stage in the form of media and at the acquisition stage in the form of organizational assistance / reading structure. The results of the research in the form of product feasibility validation in summative evaluation showed that the average value of the developed model design was 4.7 with very valid criteria and very good predicate. In addition, based on the responses given by the teacher and students, the results were 4.2 and 3.8 with very good and good criteria.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S2)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Brain-based learning, memori kerja, membaca pemahaman, sekolah menengah pertama. Brain-based learning, working memory, reading comprehension, Junior high school
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
P Language and Literature > P Philology. Linguistics
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Bahasa Indonesia S-2
Depositing User: Ma'sum Ashari
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2021 02:27
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2021 02:27
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/59477

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