ANALISIS PENENTUAN LOKASI RUMAH SAKIT TIPE C BARU MENGGUNAKAN METODE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DI KABUPATEN SUMEDANG

Andre Wirapati Prasasta Natsir, - (2020) ANALISIS PENENTUAN LOKASI RUMAH SAKIT TIPE C BARU MENGGUNAKAN METODE ANALYTICAL HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) DI KABUPATEN SUMEDANG. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Laju pertumbuhan penduduk yang terus meningkat berjalan seiringan dengan permintaan masyarakat pada suatu fasilitas pelayanan di bidang kesehatan, khususnya rumah sakit. Kabupaten Sumedang merupakan salah satu wilayah di Provinsi Jawa Barat, Indonesia yang memiliki jumlah penduduk cukup tinggi. Namun berdasarkan standar rasio tempat tidur rumah sakit dengan jumlah penduduk 1:1.000 yang dirilis oleh Kementerian Kesehatan, Kabupaten Sumedang belum memenuhi standar rasio tersebut. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis kondisi sebaran rumah sakit eksisting dan menentukan alternatif lokasi rumah sakit tipe C baru yang ideal. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode Sistem Informasi Geografis dengan pembobotan AHP (Analytical Hierarchy Process). Teknik analisis data berupa analisis spasial deskriptif, network analyst service area dan overlay. Parameter penentuan lokasi rumah sakit baru dalam penelitian ini adalah penggunaan lahan, kemiringan lereng, jaringan jalan, kepadatan penduduk, daerah potensi banjir, dan daerah potensi longsor. Hasil penelitian menunjukan bahwa kondisi sebaran rumah sakit eksisting mampu menjangkau 13 Kecamatan dari 26 Kecamatan di Kabupaten Sumedang berdasarkan radius 10 km. Alternatif lokasi rumah sakit baru terbagi menjadi lima kelas yakni klasifikasi sangat tidak sesuai tertinggi berada di Kecamatan Buahdua dengan luas 73,27 km², klasifikasi tidak sesuai tertinggi berada di Kecamatan Jatigede dengan luas 47,74 km², klasifikasi agak sesuai tertinggi berada di Kecamatan Buahdua dengan luas 34,63 km², klasifikasi sesuai tertinggi berada di Kecamatan Sumedang Utara dengan luas 11,33 km², dan klasifikasi sangat sesuai tertinggi berada di Kecamatan Jatinangor dengan luas 6,83 km². Penelitian ini bermanfaat bagi masyarakat, pihak swasta, hingga pemerintah yang berkaitan dengan perencanaan pembangunan rumah sakit baru di suatu daerah. The increase of population grows together alongside demands for health related facilities, especially hospitals. Sumedang is a regency in West Java Province, Indonesia, that has a pretty dense population. Based on standard ratio of 1:1,000 hospitals to population which was released by Ministry of Health, Sumedang Regency has not meet the requirements yet. The objectives of this research are to analyze existing hospitals distribution condition and to consider some alternative locations for new ideal type C hospitals. Methods that are used for this research are Geographic Information System (GIS) concentrating on Analytical Hierarchy Proccess (AHP). These data are analyzed with spatial descriptive technique, network analyst service area, and overlay technique. Hospitals that were observed were picked under these parameters; (1) the land use, (2) the slope, (3) the road network, (4) population density, (5) potential flooding areas, and (6) potential landslide areas. Result shows that existing hospitals in current distribution would be able to provide care to 14 out of 26 districts in Sumedang within 10 kilometers radius. Alternative locations for new hospitals are divided into 5 classes; (1) highest very unsuitable, located in Buahdua District with area of 73.27 km², (2) highest unsuitable, located in Jatigede District with area of 47.74 km², (3) highest moderately suitable, located in Buahdua District with area of 34.63 km², (4) highest suitable, located in North Sumedang District with area of 11.33 km², and (5) highest very suitable, located in Jatinangor District with area of 6.83 km². This research is expected to be helpful for the community, including all kind of providers and caterers for the hospitals. Also to give some new perspectives regarding new hospital construction planning for the government officials.

Item Type: Thesis (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: lokasi, rumah sakit baru, AHP, SIG. location, new hospital, AHP, GIS
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GA Mathematical geography. Cartography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GB Physical geography
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial > Pendidikan Geografi
Depositing User: Andre Wirapati Prasasta Natsir
Date Deposited: 16 Feb 2021 06:29
Last Modified: 16 Feb 2021 06:29
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/59139

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