POLA MAKAN BALITA STATUS GIZI KURANG DI PUSKESMAS CIUMBULEUIT CIDADAP BANDUNG

Sana Widianti, - (2019) POLA MAKAN BALITA STATUS GIZI KURANG DI PUSKESMAS CIUMBULEUIT CIDADAP BANDUNG. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Gizi kurang adalah gangguan kesehatan akibat kekurangan atau ketidakseimbangan zat gizi yang diperlukan untuk pertumbuhan. Faktor langsung penyebab gizi kurang adalah makanan yang dikonsumsi tidak memenuhi jumlah dan komposisi zat gizi yang memenuhi syarat gizi seimbang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui pola makan anak balita berstatus gizi kurang yang tercatat di puskesmas Ciumbuleuit Cidadap Bandung. Metode yang digunakan deskriptif kuantitatif dengan desain Cross-Sectional. Populasi sebanyak 70 orang ibu yang memiliki anak balita status gizi kurang. Teknik pengambilan sampel adalah purposive dengan pertimbangan anak balita yang memiliki status gizi kurang berusia 4-5 tahun sudah menjadi konsumen aktif. Sampel dalam penelitian ini adalah 20 orang ibu balita gizi kurang. Penelitian diperoleh lebih dari setengahnya (55%) balita makan hanya dua kali dalam sehari dan mengkonsumsi snack sebanyak dua kali. Jadwal makan anak balita sebagian besar (77,5%) tidak teratur. Kuantitas makan balita seluruhnya masih belum sesuai dengan yang dianjurkan. Rata-rata konsumsi makanan pokok 177,9 gram, lauk hewani 48,4 gram, lauk nabati 9,75 gram, sayuran 32,7 gram, buah 11,6 gram, susu 32,8 gram. Kualitas makan balita sebagian besar(85%) defisit energi, lebih dari setengahnya (70%) defisit protein, sebagian besar (95%) defisit lemak, lebih dari setengahnya (75%) defisit karbohidrat, dan variasi makanan balita sebagian besar (77,5%) tidak bervariasi. Rekomendasi bagi lembaga terkait diharapkan untuk memberikan pengetahuan dan pendampingan untuk pola makan pada balita status gizi kurang, bagi ibu balita memperhatikan makanan yang dikonsumsi oleh anak sehingga akan menghasilkan pola makan yang baik. Kata Kunci : anak bawah lima tahun, pola makan, status gizi kurang EATING HABITS OF TODDLER WITH UNDERWEIGHT STATUS IN PUSKESMAS CIUMBULEUIT CIDADAP BANDUNG Sana Widianti, Rita Patriasih, Cica Yulia Study Program Of Culinary, Education Home Economic Education Department, Faculty of Technology of Vocational Education, Indonesian University of Education Sanawidianti123@gmail.com ABSTRACT Underweight is a health disorder which is caused by the deficiency or imbalance of nutrients needed for growth. The direct factor of underweight was the food consumed not meet the need of qualified nutrients Balanced nutrient. The research was aimed to find out children’s diet recorded in Puskesmas Ciumbuleuit Cidadap Bandung. The method of this research was quantitative descriptive with Cross-Sectional design. The population of was 70 mothers who have of toddlers underweight status. The sampling technique used was purposive in consideration of toddlers with a underweight status of was 4 to 5 years old since they were already active consumers therefore the sample of this research was 20 people. The results of research showed that 55% of toddlers was only eating and snacking twice a day, 77,5% of toddlers feeding schedule was irregular, the quantity of toddler eating did not meet daily nutrition needs since the average intakes of staple food was 177.9 grams, 48.4 grams of animal side dishes, 9.75 grams of vegetable side dishes, 32.7 grams of vegetables, 11.6 grams of fruit, 32.8 grams of milk, 20 grams of oil, and 34 grams of sugar, the quality of 85% of toddler feeding was energy deficit, 70% of them were protein deficit 95% was fat deficit, 77,5% of toddler eating variation was not varied, and a 77,5% of toddler eating variation was not varied. Recommendations for related institutions are expected to provide knowledge and mentoring to the diet in toddlers underweight status, for mothers of toddlers pay attention to food consumed by children so that it will produce a good diet. Keywords: eating habits, toddler, underweight status

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: anak bawah lima tahun, pola makan, status gizi kurang
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Teknologi dan Kejuruan > Jurusan Pendidikan Kesejahteraan Keluarga > Program Studi Pendidikan Tata Boga
Depositing User: Sana Widianti
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2020 07:10
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2020 07:10
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/46176

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