REKAM JEJAK JURNALIS FOTO (Alexius dan Frans Mendur pada Masa Perjuangan Kemerdekaan Indonesia 1945-1949)

Mochammad Insan, - (2016) REKAM JEJAK JURNALIS FOTO (Alexius dan Frans Mendur pada Masa Perjuangan Kemerdekaan Indonesia 1945-1949). S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Skripsi ini berjudul “Rekam Jejak Jurnalis Foto (Alexius dan Frans Mendur pada masa Perjuangan Kemerdekaan Indonesia 1945-1949)”. Hal yang melatarbelakangi penelitian ini adalah ketertarikan peneliti terhadap dua tokoh jurnalis foto yaitu dua orang kakak beradik Alexius Impurung Mendur dan Frans Soemarto Mendur yang ikut berperan dalam perjuangan mencapai kemerdekaan sampai berjalannya revolusi kemerdekaan Indonesia. Masalah utama tersebut disusun ke dalam empat pertanyaan pokok penelitian, yaitu (1) Bagaimana perkembangan fotografi di Indonesia pada kurun waktu 1945-1949? (2) Mengapa Alexius dan Frans Mendur terdorong untuk menjadi jurnalis foto pada masa perjuangan kemerdekaan? (3) Bagaimana Alexius dan Frans Mendur mengabadikan banyak peristiwa selana masa perjuangan kemerdekaan? (4) Bagaimana dampak karya foto Alexius dan Frans Mendur dalam perjuangan kemerdekaan? Penelitian ini menggunakan metode historis dengan langkah-langkah pokok di antaranya heuristik, kritik, interpretasi, dan historiografi. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian yang diperoleh dari studi literatur revolusi kemerdekaan Indonesia tidak terlepas dari peran media massa dan para jurnalis sebagai tonggak informasi selama revolusi. Fotografi menjadi media yang berperan memberikan informasi melalui gambar atau visual. Peristiwa proklamasi kemerdekaan Indonesia menjadi momen krusial bagi bangsa Indonesia, Alexius dan Frans Mendur menjadi jurnalis foto terdepan yang hadir dan mendokumentasikan peristiwa tersebut. Peran Alexius dan Frans sangat besar dalam membantu mendokumentasikan peristiwa-peristiwa penting selama revolusi kemerdekaan Indonesia dari 1945 sampai sekitar tahun 1949, baik secara individu maupun melalui lembaga berita foto IPPHOS. Foto-foto karya Alexius dan Frans terbagi menjadi beberapa peristiwa, diantaranya peristiwa proklamasi dan pembentukaan pemerintahan Indonesia, revolusi fisik, perundingan dan diplomasi, serta potret masyarakat Indonesia. karya foto Alexius dan Frans menjadi sebuah warisan sejarah yang berharga bagi bangsa Indonesia. Identitas dan semangat nasionalisme dapat tergambarkan melalui foto-foto karya mereka berdua. Kata Kunci : Revolusi, Proklamasi, Jurnalis foto, Fotografi. The research entittled “Rekam Jejak Jurnalis Foto (Alexius and Frans Mendur in Indonesian Independence Warfare 1945-1949). The background of the research is the writer's interest of two journalist figures; the brothers Alexius Impurung Mendur and Frans Soemarto Mendur. Alexius and Frans were participated in the freedom struggle until the revolution of Indonesian independence was proceed. The main problems were formulated into four research questions, which were (1) How was the photography development since 1945 until 1949? (2) Why were Alexius and Frans Mendur interested to be a journalist photographer in the warfare period? (3) How did Alexius and Frans Mendur capture the important events in the warfare period? (4) How did the masterpieces of Alexius and Frans Mendur influence the struggle to get the independence? The research uses historic method with the several main steps which are heuristic, critic, interprets, and historiography. Based on the result of the literature study, Indonesian Independence revolution cannot be separated from the mass media and the journalist as the pillar of information during the revolution. Photography becomes a media which contributes in giving the information through pictures or visual. The proclamation of the independence of Indonesia became the crucial moment for Indonesian people, Alexius and Frans Mendur as photo journalist came to capture the moment. The contribution of Alexius and Frans Mendur were so great in capturing the important events during the revolution of the independence of Indonesia, individually or through IPPHOS, since 1945 to 1949. The masterpieces of Alexius and Frans Mendur were divided into some events, which were proclamation events and the formation of Indonesian Government, physical revolution, negotiation and diplomatist, and Indonesian people portraits. The masterpieces of Alexis and Frans Mendur became a priceless heritage for Indonesia. Identity and nationalist spirit can be seen through their masterpieces. Keywords: revolution, proclamation, photojournalist, photography.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Revolusi, Proklamasi, Jurnalis foto, Fotografi
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
H Social Sciences > HN Social history and conditions. Social problems. Social reform
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial > Pendidikan Sejarah
Depositing User: Mochammad Insan Kamil Fawzie
Date Deposited: 05 May 2020 07:39
Last Modified: 05 May 2020 07:39
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/43454

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