PENERAPAN MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

Juliani Nurlita, - (2019) PENERAPAN MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

PENERAPAN MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KEMAMPUAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIKA SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR Oleh Juliani Nurlita 1505036 ABSTRAK Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya kemampuan pemahaman konsep siswa pada mata pelajaran matematika dalam menyatakan ulang sebuah konsep dalam lisan maupun tulisan, mengidentifikasi karakteristik-karakteristik atau unsur-unsur suatu konsep dan mengaplikasikan atau menerapkan konsep secara alogaritma. Masalah tersebut antara lain disebabkan karena pembelajaran yang belum menyajikan permasalahan yang kontekstual (dekat dengan siswa), juga siswa yang kurang terlibat secara langsung dalam proses pembelajaran sehingga mengakibatkan pembelajaran menjadi kurang bermakna, siswa kurang memahami materi yang dipelajari dan pada akhirnya menjadikan siswa hanya menghafal rumus. Oleh karena itu, peneliti mencoba menerapkan model Problem Based Learning (PBL) dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan pemahaman konsep matematika siswa pada materi volume bangun ruang (volume kubus dan volume balok). Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK), model Kemmis dan Taggart sebanyak dua siklus. Tahapan PTK terdiri atas Perencanaan, Pelaksanaan, Observasi dan Refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data yang dilakukan berupa tes dan observasi. Subjek penelitian adalah siswa kelas V-D SDN B yang berada di Kecamatan Sumur Bandung. Adapun hasil penelitian dengan menerapkan model Problem Based Learning (PBL) pada pembelajaran matematika materi volume bangun ruang (volume kubus dan volume balok) mengalami peningkatan yang baik. Hal tersebut dapat dibuktikan dengan rata-rata nilai yang diperoleh pada setiap siklus dan ketuntasan belajar yang meningkat. Kata Kunci : Model Problem Based Learning (PBL), Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika.   IMPLEMENTATION OF MODEL PROBLEM BASED LEARNING (PBL) TO IMPROVE THE ABILITY TO UNDERSTAND THE MATEMATICAL CONCEPT OF CLASS V ELEMENTARY SCHOOL Created by Juliani Nurlita 1505036 ABSTRACT This research is motivated by the low ability to understand students’ concept in mathematics in repeating concept both verbally and in writing, identifying characteristics or elements of a concept and applying alogarithmic concept. This problem is caused because these problems are caused by learning that has not presented contextual problems (close to students), also students are less directly involved in the learning process so learning becomes less meaningful, students do not understand the material being studied and make student only memorize the formula. Therefore, the researchers tried to apply a Problem Based Learning model with the aim of increasing the ability to understand students’ mathematical concept in terms of the volume of an object that has space (cube volume and beam volume). This study used a qualitative approach with Classroom Action Research (CAR) method, Kemmis and Taggart model of two cycles. The stages of PTK consist of Planning, Implementation, Observation and Reflection. Data collection techniques carried out in the form of tests and observations. The research subjects were class V-D students of SDN B those in the sub-district of Sumur Bandung. The results of the study by applying a Problem Based Learning (PBL) model to mathematics learning matter the volume of an object that has space, experienced a good increase. This can be evidenced by the average value obtained in each cycle and increased learning completeness. Keywords : Problem Based Learning Model, Ability To Understand Mathematical Concepts

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S PGSD JUL p-2019; Pembimbing: I. Babang Robandi, II. Andhin Dyas Fitriani; NIM: 1505036
Uncontrolled Keywords: Model Problem Based Learning (PBL), Kemampuan Pemahaman Konsep Matematika
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Juliani Nurlita
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2020 07:28
Last Modified: 14 Feb 2020 07:28
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/38749

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