PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION (RME) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIS SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR

Andini Nurul Kholifah, - (2019) PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN REALISTIC MATHEMATICS EDUCATION (RME) UNTUK MENINGKATKAN PEMAHAMAN KONSEP MATEMATIS SISWA KELAS V SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya pemahaman konsep matematis siswa. Peneliti menggunakan pendekatan Realistic Mathematic Education (RME) dengan prinsip didactical phenomenology, guided reinvention dan self develope models untuk mengatasi masalah tersebut. Penelitian yang dilakukan ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan: 1) Rencana Pelaksanaan Pembelajaran; 2) Pelaksanaan pembelajaran dengan menerapkan pendekatan RME untuk meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa kelas V di sekolah dasar; 3) Hasil peningkatan pemahaman konsep siswa kelas V di sekolah dasar setelah menerapkan pendekatan RME. Subjek penelitian berjumlah 28 siswa di SD Negeri S Kota Bandung. Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian tindakan kelas model Kemmis & Taggart yang terdiri dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi dan refleksi yang dilaksanakan dalam dua siklus. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini ialah observasi dan tes. Instrumen pengumpulan data yakni lembar observasi dan lembar evaluasi. Pengolahan data dilakukan melalui: 1) analisis kualitatif yakni reduksi data, klasifikasi data, penyajian data, refleksi data dan penarikan kesimpulan dan 2) analisis kuantitatif yakni skoring, menghitung rerata, persentase, interpretasi dan kesimpulan data. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa ketuntasan secara klasikal pada siklus I adalah 67% mengalami peningkatan pada siklus II menjadi 86%. Berdasarkan data tersebut maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pendekatan RME dapat meningkatkan pemahaman konsep matematis siswa kelas V sekolah dasar. Kata Kunci : Realistic Mathematics Education (RME), Pemahaman Konsep Matematis. ---------- This research is motivated by the lack of understanding of students’ mathematical concept. Researcher uses Realistic Mathematic Education (RME) approach with didactical phenomenology, guided reinvention dan self develope models principle for resolve that problem. The aims of this research to describe: 1) The lesson plan; 2) Implementation of learning by applying RME approach to improve understanding of students’ mathematical concept fifth grade elementary school; 3) The result of improving understanding of students’ mathematical concept fifth grade elementary school by applying RME approach. Participants in this research amount to 28 student of S elementary school in Bandung. Reseacher used Classroom Action Research method is Kemmis and Mc. Taggart consists of planning, action, observation and reflection with two cycles. Data collection used in this reasearch is observation and test. Intrument data is observation sheet and evaluation sheet. Proccesing data is through : 1) qualitative analysis is reduction, classification, presentation, reflection of data and conclusion and 2) quantitative analysis is scoring, calculate the average, precentage, interpretation and conclusion of data. Research result show that classical completeness of cycle I was 67% and increase in cycle II of classical completeness was 86%. Based on the data can be conclude that applying Realistic Mathematics Education (RME) approach could improve the understanding of students’ mathematical concept fifth grade elementary school. Keywords : Realistic Mathematics Education, Understanding of Mathematical Concept

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S PGSD AND p-2019 ; Pembimbing: I. Kurniasih, II. Andhin Dyas Fitriani ; NIM: 1505833
Uncontrolled Keywords: Realistic Mathematics Education (RME), Pemahaman Konsep Matematis. Understanding of Mathematical Concept
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Q Science > QA Mathematics
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Andini Nurul Kholifah
Date Deposited: 07 Jan 2020 03:37
Last Modified: 07 Jan 2020 03:37
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/38592

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