PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN KEDAMAIAN BERBASIS INKUIRI YURISPRUDENSIAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KARAKTER CINTA DAMAI DAN ANTI-KEKERASAN MAHASISWA

Candra Cuga, - (2019) PENGEMBANGAN MODEL PEMBELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN KEDAMAIAN BERBASIS INKUIRI YURISPRUDENSIAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KARAKTER CINTA DAMAI DAN ANTI-KEKERASAN MAHASISWA. S3 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini berangkat dari keresahan melihat fenomena konflik dan kekerasan mahasiswa berupa tindakan destruktif yang masih kerap terjadi di Perguruan Tinggi. Untuk mencegah tindakan kekerasan serupa dikemudian hari perlu dilakukan pengembangan model pembelajaran pendidikan kedamaian berbasis inkuiri yurisprudensial melalui mata kuliah Konsep Dasar Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan. Permasalahan utama penelitian ini adalah sejauhmana efektivitas pengembangan pembelajaran pendidikan kedamaian berbasis inkuiri yurisprudensial dapat meningkatkan karakter cinta damai dan antikekerasan mahasiswa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan dan mendeskripsiken efektivitas model pembelajaran pendidikan kedamaian berbasis inkuiri yurisprudensial dalam meningkatkan karakter cinta damai dan antikekerasan mahasiswa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan kuantitatif dengan menggunakan metode pengembangan penelitian (research and development). Ada tiga pokok tahapan penelitian ini, yaitu: 1) studi pendahuluan melalui studi kepustakaan dan studi lapangan (case study); 2) studi pengembangan melalui uji coba terbatas dan meluas dilakukan dengan metode penelitiaan tindakan kelas (classroom action reseacrh); dan 3) studi pengujian dengan melakukan validitas empiris dengan metode kuasi eksperimen (quasi exprimental). Penelitian dilakukan di Universitas Negeri Gorontalo. Hasil penelitian menggambarkan efektivitas model dalam meningkatkan karakter cinta damai dan antikekerasan mahasiswa yang meliputi pertama, mahasiswa lebih mampu menunjukkan sikap dengan memegang prinsip harga diri dan orang lain; bekerjasama untuk mencapai tujuan bersama; memiliki sikap terbuka dan toleran atas keberagaman; dan memiliki tanggung jawab sosial. Kedua, mahasiswa makin mampu menunjukkan keterampilan berpikir dialektis yaitu memahami sudut pandang selain milik sendiri; keterampilan berkomunikasi yaitu mendengarkan aktif dengan mengakui pandangan orang lain. Ketiga, terjadi peningkatan pengetahuan dan pemahaman mahasiswa terhadap makna sejarah perjuangan bangsa; memahami keberagaman masyarakat indonesia sebagai keniscayaan; memahami konsep kedamaian secara holitik; memahami makna solidaritas kemanusian sebagai insan sosial; memahami penyebab konflik dan memahami banyak cara yang dapat ditempuh untuk menciptakan kedamaian. Temuan tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa setelah mahasiswa belajar dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran pendidikan kedamaian memiliki kecenderungan untuk berperilaku damai. This research is motivated by anxiety to see the phenomenon of student conflict and violence in the form of destructive actions which still often occur in the universities. In order to prevent similar acts of violence in the future, it is necessary to develop a learning model for peace education based on jurisprudential inquiry through the subject of the Basic Concept of Citizenship Education through the Basic Concept of Citizenship Education subject. The main problem of this study is to what extent the effectiveness of peace education learning model based on jurisprudential inquiry’ development can improve peace-loving and anti-violence students’ character. This study aims to produce and discribe the effectiveness of peace education learning model based on jurisprudential inquiry to improve peace-loving and anti-violence students’ character. This study used qualitative and quantitative approach by using research and development method. There are three main stages of this study, namely: 1) preliminary studies through library studies and field studies (case study); 2) the development studies through limited and widespread trials were carried out by classroom action research method; and 3) testing studies by conducting empirical validity with quasi-experimental methods. The research was conducted at Gorontalo State University. The results of the study illustrate the model’s effectiveness in improving peace-loving and anti-violence students’ character which includes First, that there is an increase in students' knowledge and understanding of the historical significance of the nation struggle; understanding the diversity of Indonesian society as a necessity; understand the concept of peace holistically; understand the meaning of human solidarity as a social person; understand the causes of conflict and understand many ways that can be taken to create a peace. Second, the students are able to show their attitudes by holding the principles of self-esteem and others; cooperate to achieve common goals; have an open and tolerant attitude towards diversity; and have social responsibility. Third, students are increasingly able to demonstrate dialectical thinking skills, namely understanding the perspectives other than their own; communication skills are active listening by acknowledging the others’ views. These findings indicate that after students learn by using the peace education model, they tend to behave peacefully.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S3)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: D PKn CAN p-2019 ; Pembimbing: I. Dasim Budimansyah, II. Bunyamin Maftuh ; NIM: 1303213
Uncontrolled Keywords: PendidikanKedamaian, karakterCinta Damai dan Anti-Kekekerasan, Konsep Dasar Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HM Sociology
L Education > L Education (General)
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB2300 Higher Education
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Kewarganegaraan S-3
Depositing User: Candra Cuga
Date Deposited: 26 Nov 2019 03:01
Last Modified: 26 Nov 2019 03:01
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/38121

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