PENERAPAN STRATEGI PQ4R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS III SEKOLAH DASAR

Adinda Kusumah Putri, - (2018) PENERAPAN STRATEGI PQ4R UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MEMBACA PEMAHAMAN SISWA KELAS III SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu/

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh rendahnya keterampilan membaca pemahaman siswa, berdasarkan hasil observasi dan wawancara dengan wali kelas, kemampuan membaca pemahaman siswa masih kurang hal tersebut terlihat dari kesulitan dalam menentukan kalimat utama, membuat kesimpulan dari bacaan, membuat pertanyaan, dan mencari informasi apa yang terdapat dalam teks bacaan. Penelitian ini memiliki tujuan untuk mendeskripsikan proses perencanaan pembelajaran, langkah-langkah proses pembelajaran dan peningkatan keterampilan membaca pemahaman siswa kelas III sekolah dasar dengan menerapkan strategi pembelajaran PQ4R. Dalam proses pelaksanaan pembelajaran, strategi PQ4R memiliki 6 langkah yaitu preview, question, read, reflect, recite, review. Indikator membaca pemahaman yang digunakan pada penelitian ini adalah menentukan kalimat utama, menuliskan isi teks, menjawab pertanyaan berdasarkan teks dan membuat kesimpulan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan yaitu metode PTK dengan model penelitian menurut Kemmis dan Taggart dalam III siklus. Instrumen pengungkap data pada penelitian ini terdiri dari lembar observasi dan tes. Hasil penelitian yang diperoleh menunjukan pada siklus I ketuntasan siswa sebesar 46,15% dan siklus II meningkat menjadi sebesar 73,07% dan meningkat kembali pada siklus III ketuntasan sebesar 92,3%. Dengan demikian dapat ditarik kesimpulkan bahwa penerapan strategi PQ4R dapat meningkatkan keterampilan membaca pemahaman siswa kelas III sekolah dasar.-- This research is based on students low reading comprehension skills. Based on the results of observation and interviews with the guardian, the ability of students reading comprehension in the third student is still low. It proved by the students difficulty in determining the main sentence, making the conclusions of the reading, making questions, and finding what information contained in the text reading. This study aims to describe the process of lesson plan, learning process steps and improving reading comprehension skills of grade 3 primary school students by applying PQ4R learning strategy. In the process of learning implementation, PQ4R strategy has 6 steps: preview, question, read, reflect, recite, review. Indicators of reading comprehension used in this study are to determine the main sentence, write the contents of the text, answer questions based on text and make conclusions. The research method used is Classroom Action Research method with research model according Kemmis and Taggart through 3 cycles. The instrument of data disclosure in this research consists of observation and test sheet. The result of the research showed that in the first cycle students mastery of 46.15% and cycle II increased to equal to 73.07% and increased again in the cycle III mastery 92.3%. Thus it can be concluded that the implementation of PQ4R strategy can improve the reading comprehension skills of grade 3 primary school students

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S PGSD ADI p-2018; Pembimbing : I. Andhin Dyas Fitriani, II. Effy Mulyasari; NIM : 1400616
Uncontrolled Keywords: srategi PQ4R, keterampilan membaca, membaca pemahaman.-- strategy PQ4R, reading skills, reading comprehension
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education
L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1501 Primary Education
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Rika Maysani
Date Deposited: 04 Sep 2019 04:45
Last Modified: 04 Sep 2019 04:45
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/38092

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