ANALISIS PENALARAN MORAL DAN PERUBAHANNYA MENGGUNAKAN DILEMA KASUS SISTEM REPRODUKSI PADA SISWA SMA

Susi Susanti, - (2018) ANALISIS PENALARAN MORAL DAN PERUBAHANNYA MENGGUNAKAN DILEMA KASUS SISTEM REPRODUKSI PADA SISWA SMA. S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Pelanggaran moral sering kali dilakukan oleh remaja. Merokok, alkohol, narkotika, dan
pacaran yang berujung pada seks bebas adalah hal umum dikalangan remaja. Jika hal ini
dibiarkan maka hancurlah generasi muda. Perlu ada upaya yang harus dilakukan untuk
mengatasinya, salah satunya melalui pengintegrasian pendidikan moral dengan
pembelajaran biologi. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis penalaran moral siswa
dan perubahannya menggunakan dilema kasus sistem reproduksi pada siswa SMA.
Metode yang digunakan mixed methods. Jumlah sampel 30 siswa dan 30 orang tua siswa
dengan teknik purposive sampling. Instrumen yang digunakan berupa kuesioner dilema
kasus yang terdiri dari lima kasus (rokok, alkohol, narkotika, pacaran, dan aborsi), tes
kemampuan kognitif, dan kuesioner pola asuh orang tua. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis
baik secara kualitatif maupun kuantitatif. Hasil kuesioner dilema kasus dianalisis
menggunakan kriteria tingkat penalaran moral yang diadaptasi dari Kohlberg (1975),
sedangkan hasil kuesioner pola asuh orang tua dianalisis menggunakan kriteria Hardy &
Heyes (1988). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa semua siswa mampu memecahkan
dilema kasus sistem reproduksi. Penalaran moral siswa berada pada tahap antara 2
(orientasi relativis instrumental) hingga tahap 6 (orientasi prinsip etis universal). Pada
dilema kasus pacaran mengalami perubahan penalaran moral, sementara dilema kasus
lainnya relatif tidak berubah. Penalaran moral siswa memiliki keterkaitan positif dengan
kemampuan kognitif dan pola asuh orang tua.;--Moral violations are often perpetrated by adolescents. Smoking, drinking alcohol,
narcotics, and dating that lead to free sex are common among adolescents. It can affect
them if no one care. Thus, the ways out are needed, like the integration of morals and
biology lessons. This study aims at analyzing the students' moral judgement and the
change by using reproductive system case dilemma. The study conducted on the students
SMA. The method used mixed methods. The samples were taken by purposive sampling,
that is 30 students and 30 parents. The instrument used was a case dilemma questionnaire
consisting of five cases (cigarette, alcohol, narcotics, dating, and abortion), cognitive
ability test, and questionnaire of parenting. The data obtained were analyzed both
qualitatively and quantitatively. The questionnaire of the case dilemma were analyzed
using the criteria of the moral judgement level adapted from Kohlberg (1975), while the
questionnaire of parenting were analyzed using the criteria Hardy & Heyes (1988). The
results showed that all students were able to solve the problem of the reproductive system
case dilemma. Students' moral judgement is at the stage between 2 (instrumental relativist
orientation) to stage 6 (orientation of universal ethical principles). In the case dilemma of
dating undergoes a change of moral judgement, while the other case dilemmas are
relatively unchanged. Student's moral judgement can be a positive correlation with
cognitive abilities and parenting patterns.

Item Type: Tugas Akhir,Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S2)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : T BIO SUS a-2018; Pembimbing : I. Widi Purwianingsih, II. Hernawati; NIM : 1502242.
Uncontrolled Keywords: tahap penalaran moral Kohlberg (1975), dilema kasus, sistem reproduksi, kemampuan kognitif, tipe pola asuh orang Hardy & Heyes (1988), Kohlberg's moral judgement stage, the dilemma of the case, the reproductive system, the cognitive abilities, the type of parenting of Hardy & Heyes (1988).
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1603 Secondary Education. High schools
Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Biologi S-2
Depositing User: Cintami Purnama Rimba
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2019 04:04
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2019 04:04
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/36741

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