ANALISIS FILOGENETIK SUKU SOLANACEAE BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGI ORGAN VEGETATIF (BATANG DAN DAUN)

Fauziah, Yustina (2016) ANALISIS FILOGENETIK SUKU SOLANACEAE BERDASARKAN KARAKTER MORFOLOGI ORGAN VEGETATIF (BATANG DAN DAUN). S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Title.pdf

Download (22kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Abstract.pdf

Download (135kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Table of content.pdf

Download (223kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Chapter1.pdf

Download (233kB) | Preview
[img] Text
S_BIO_1200189_Chapter2.pdf
Restricted to Staf Perpustakaan

Download (791kB)
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Chapter3.pdf

Download (236kB) | Preview
[img] Text
S_BIO_1200189_Chapter4.pdf
Restricted to Staf Perpustakaan

Download (1MB)
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Chapter5.pdf

Download (140kB) | Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
S_BIO_1200189_Bibliography.pdf

Download (227kB) | Preview
[img] Text
S_BIO_1200189_Appendix.pdf
Restricted to Staf Perpustakaan

Download (2MB)
Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Anggota suku Solanaceae yang melimpah di Indonesia serta variasi morfologi yang tinggi, menyulitkan dalam proses klasifikasi, sehingga saat ini di Indonesia belum banyak dilakukan penelitian mengenai analisis filogenetik terutama berdasarkan karakter morfologi organ vegetatif. Telah dilakukan analisis filogenetik pada 19 jenis anggota suku Solanaceae berdasarkan karakter morfologi organ vegetatif (batang dan daun). Total karakter yang diamati berjumlah 20 karakter. Karakter tersebut diubah dalam bentuk skor, dilakukan penjajaran menggunakan program ClustalX versi 1.83, dan diubah ke dalam pohon filogenetik dengan metode Maximum Parsimony menggunakan program komputer MEGA versi 4.0.2. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan variasi morfologi organ vegetatif yang cukup tinggi. Berdasarkan pohon filogenetik diketahui bahwa seluruh jenis yang diamati membentuk tiga kelompok utama. Kelompok pertama terdiri dari Solanum wrightii Benth. Kelompok kedua terdiri dari Brugmansia suaviolens Willd., Brugmansia candida Pers., Solanum melongena L., Solanum mammosum L., Solanum torvum L., Solandra maxima Sesse & Moc., Petunia sp., dan Brunfelsia uniflora Pohl. Kelompok ketiga terdiri dari Solanum nigrum L., Physalis angulata L., Capsicum frutescens L., Capsicum annuum L., Petunia grandiflora, Nicotiana tabacum L., Solanum tuberosum L., Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanum macrocarrfum dan Cestrum nocturnum L. Untuk mendukung penelitian ini, penambahan jumlah karakter dan penelitian di bidang lain dapat menghasilkan pohon filogenetik yang lebih baik. Kata Kunci : filogenetik, kekerabatan, solanaceae, vegetatif The abundance of the Solanaceae family in Indonesia as well as its high variety of the morphological characters make the researcher to identify the classification so that up to the present time there are fewer studies, especially in Indonesia, pay attention to the analysis of phylogenetics, particularly which is based on vegetative morphological characters. This research aimed at exploring the phylogenetic relationship on 19 species of Solanaceae based on vegetative morphological characters. The total characters observed were 20 characters and the scoring was also performed. In order to form a phylogenetic tree, the scoring was analyzed using computer software ClustalX version 1.83 and Maximum Parsimony method using computer software MEGA version 4.0.2. The results showed that morphological variation of vegetative characters were quite high. From the phylogenetic tree, it was known that all species observed were classified into three main groups. The first group consisted of Solanum wrightii Benth., The second group consisted of Brugmansia suaviolens Willd., Brugmansia candida Pers., Solanum melongena L., Solanum mammosum L., Solanum torvum L., Solandra maxima Sesse & Moc., Petunia sp., dan Brunfelsia uniflora Pohl.. The third group consisted of Solanum nigrum L., Physalis angulata L., Capsicum frutescens L., Capsicum annuum L., Petunia grandiflora, Nicotiana tabacum L., Solanum tuberosum L., Solanum lycopersicum L., Solanum macrocarfum and Cestrum nocturnum L. Keywords : genetic relationship, phylogenetic, solanaceae, vegetative

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : S BIO FAU a-2016; Pembimbing : I. Topik Hidayat, II. Didik Priyandoko
Uncontrolled Keywords: filogenetik, kekerabatan, solanaceae, vegetatif
Subjects: Q Science > QK Botany
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Matematika dan Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam > Jurusan Pendidikan Biologi
Depositing User: Mrs. Neni Sumarni
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2017 05:51
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2017 05:51
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/27690

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item