Perbandingan Sosialisme Joseph Stalin dan Leon Trotsky di Uni Soviet 1924-1929

Hanafi, Irfan (2016) Perbandingan Sosialisme Joseph Stalin dan Leon Trotsky di Uni Soviet 1924-1929. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Permasalahan utama yang dikaji dalam penelitian ini, bagaimana perbandingan sosialisme Stalin dan Trotsky di Uni Soviet 1924-1929? Tujuan penelitian ini, antara lain; Mendeskripsikan perkembangan awal sosialisme di Uni Soviet, mendeskripsikan latar belakang kehidupan Stalin dan Trotsky, menganalisis perbandingan sosialisme Stalin dengan Trotsky, serta dampak pemikiran Joseph Stalin dan Leon Trotsky terhadap pemerintahan Uni Soviet 1924-1929. Dalam penelitian ini, menggunakan metode historis dan pendekatan interdisipliner seperti ilmu politik dan sosiologi, serta studi literatur dalam mengkaji pemikiran Stalin dan Trotsky. Berdasarkan kajian penelitian yang telah dilakukan, kondisi Rusia pasca kematian Lenin sangat memprihatinkan terutama pada aspek perekonomiannya. Dari hasil penelitian ketika Lenin meninggal, dalam Partai Komunis Uni Soviet terdapat dua calon pengganti yaitu Stalin dan Trotsky. Kedua tokoh tersebut merupakan penganut paham Marx dan Lenin memiliki pandangan berbeda mengenai langkah selanjutnya dalam membangun sosialisme yang terjadi pada tahun 1924 di Uni Soviet. Stalin memandang sosialisme bisa didirikan di satu negara yaitu Uni Soviet, namun Trotsky memiliki pandangan lain, sosialisme di Uni Soviet akan sukses bila revolusi sosialis yang telah berhasil di Uni Soviet, dilanjutkan ke seluruh Eropa. Selain perbedaan mengenai revolusi, dalam mewujudkan revolusi tersebut kedua tokoh memiliki perbedaan pandangan, Stalin memandang perlu adanya kediktatoran terutama kediktatoran partai sedangkan Trotsky memandang kediktatoran tersebut harus bersikap demokratis. Stalin kemudian menjadi pemimpin dan memegang kekuasaan penuh sedangkan Trotsky diasingkan dari Uni Soviet. Perbedaan pandangan antara dua tokoh tersebut berdampak pada ideologi resmi Uni Soviet dan kebijakan perekonomian di Uni Soviet.; Background of the study was how it compares to socialism of Joseph Stalin and Leon Trotsky in the Soviet Union 1924-1929? The aim of the study were: describing the early development of socialism in the Soviet Union, describing the background of the life of Stalin and Trotsky, analyzing the comparison between Stalin’s socialism with Trotsky’s, and the impact of Stalin’s and Trotsky’s to the government of the Soviet Union 1924-1929. A historical method was used in this study, also interdisciplinary approaches such as political science and sociology, as well as the study of literature in assessing Stalin and Trotsky ideas. Based on the research, the Russian government was very problematic after Lenin’s death, particularly in the aspect of economy. When Lenin died, the Communist Party of the Soviet Union had two candidates for his replacement; Stalin and Trotsky. Both of them were follower of Marx and Lenin, have different views on the next steps in developing socialism which occurred in 1924 in the Soviet Union. Stalin argued that socialism can be established in a country that is the Soviet Union, but Trotsky has another point of view, socialism in the Soviet Union will be succeed if the socialist revolution that has succeeded in the Soviet Union, continued throughout Europe. Besides the difference on the revolution, they have different views in realizing the revolution, Stalin argued the dictatorship is needed; especially party dictatorship while Trotsky argued the dictatorship must be democratic. Stalin became the leader and had full control while Trotsky was exiled from the Soviet Union. The differences between the two leaders opinion have impact on the official ideology and the economic policy in the Soviet Union.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: S SEJ HAN p-2016; I.Suwirta, II.Moch Eryk Kamsori
Uncontrolled Keywords: Pemikiran, Joseph Stalin, Leon Trotsky, Uni Soviet, Sosialisme, idea, socialism.
Subjects: C Auxiliary Sciences of History > CT Biography
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial > Pendidikan Sejarah
Depositing User: Mr mhsinf 2017
Date Deposited: 17 Jul 2017 04:17
Last Modified: 17 Jul 2017 04:17
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/23633

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