PERANAN BENAZIR BHUTTO DALAM MEMPERJUANGKAN DEMOKRASI DI PAKISTAN TAHUN 1977-2007

Cholisna, Nana (2015) PERANAN BENAZIR BHUTTO DALAM MEMPERJUANGKAN DEMOKRASI DI PAKISTAN TAHUN 1977-2007. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Skripsi ini berjudul “Peranan Benazir Bhutto dalam Memperjuangkan Demokrasi di Pakistan Tahun 1977-2007”. Masalah utama yang diangkat dalam skripsi ini adalah “Bagaimana proses gerakan Benazir Bhutto dalam memperjuangkan demokrasi di Pakistan tahun 1977-2007”. Metode penelitian yang digunakan untuk mengkaji permasalahan tersebut dengan menggunakan metode historis yaitu pengumpulan sumber, kritik sumber, interpretasi dan historiografi. Untuk memperdalam analisis, peneliti menggunakan pendekatan interdisipliner melalui kajian ilmu sosiologi, politik dan psikologi dengan menggunakan konsep-konsep seperti perebutan kekuasaan, demokrasi konstitusional, persamaan gender serta menggunakan teori kepemimpinan sifat, teori konflik Ralf Dahrendorf dan Lewis A. Coser. Benazir Bhutto yang masuk ke dalam dunia politik demi menuntut keadilan untuk sang ayah yang dikudeta oleh militer tahun 1977. Perjalanan Benazir dalam dunia politik mengalami banyak rintangan, kuatnya pengaruh militer menjadi penghalang terbesar baginya menegakkan demokrasi di Pakistan. Perjuangan menegakkan demokrasi mulai menunjukan hasil, ketika gerakan perjuangan yang disebut Movement for Restoration of Democracy (MRD) lahir, gerakan tersebut tercipta dari kesepakatan partai politik yang ingin menggulingkan kekuasaan Jenderal Zia ul-Haq. Berlangsungnya pemilu pertama pasca berakhirnya kekuasaan Zia ul-Haq pada tahun 1988 dimenangkan Benazir Bhutto sekaligus menjadi pemimpin perempan pertama Pakistan, dia menjabat sebagai Perdana Menteri pada tahun 1988 dan 1993. Kudeta militer kembali terjadi pada tahun 1999 oleh Jenderal Perves Musharraf, masa itu baik Benazir maupun Nawaz Sharif berada dalam pengasingan di luar negeri. Musharraf menjanjikan pemilu dilaksanakan tahun, namun 27 Desember 2007 Benazir Bhutto meninggal tertembak oleh orang tak dikenal. ---------- This thesis entitled “The role of Benazir Bhutto in struggle for Pakistan Democracy in 1977-2007”. The principal problem that appointed in this thesis is “How the motion process of Benazir Bhutto in struggle for Democracy in Pakistan in 1977-2007”. The research method which is used to investigated that problem is historical method, historical method is a resource accumulation, critic resource, interpretation, and historiography. To deepen analysis, the researcher used interdisipliner approach through sociology science, politics, and psychology by using the concepts, such as: regime scrambling, constitutional democracy, also using the strait leadership theory, Ralf Dahrendorf and Lewis A. Coser theory, Benazir Bhutto who set into politics world for demand the justice for her father who was overthrown by military in 1997. The journey of Benazir in politics had many obstacle, and the forceful of military was the biggest obstacle for her to upright democracy in Pakistan. Struggle to upright democracy began produce results when struggle motion what called “Movement for Restoration of Democracy” (MRD) was created, that motion created from politics party agreement who want defeat General Zia ul-Haq regime. The first general elections after the end of regime of Zia ul-Haq in 1988 the election was won by Benazir Bhutto. She also became the first woman leader in Pakistan. She occupied as prime minister in 1988 and 1993. Military overthrow happened back in 1999 by General Perves Musharraf, in that period Benazir and Nawaz Sharif was exiled to overseas. Musharraf promised that general elections hold, but on 27 December 2007 Benazir Bhutto was died shot by stranger and finished her struuggle to upright democracy in Pakistan.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S SEJ CHO p-2015; Pembimbing: I. Ayi Budi Santosa II. Achmad Iriyadi
Uncontrolled Keywords: benazir bhutto, pakistan, demokrasi, militer, benazir bhutto, pakistan, democracy, military.
Subjects: D History General and Old World > D History (General)
D History General and Old World > DS Asia
L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Ilmu Pengetahuan Sosial > Pendidikan Sejarah
Depositing User: Mr. Tri Agung
Date Deposited: 25 Aug 2016 07:36
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2016 07:36
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/22058

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