Investigating the Social and Natural Sciences Postgraduate Students’ Learning Strategies in Reading English Academic Text

Jefiza, Adila (2015) Investigating the Social and Natural Sciences Postgraduate Students’ Learning Strategies in Reading English Academic Text. S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Strategi merupakan hal yang penting bagi siswa dalam membaca teks. Penelitian ini mengidentifikasi strategi belajar siswa dalam membaca teks akademis. Penelitian ini dilakukan terhadap siswa pascasarjana jurusan ilmu alam dan ilmu sosial. Pertanyaan penelitian ditujukan untuk menjawab apa strategi yang digunakan oleh siswa dalam membaca teks akademik, apa perbedaan dan persamaan dari strategi yang digunakan oleh siswa jurusan ilmu alam dan jurusan ilmu sosial, terakhir apa alasan mereka menggunakan strategi tersebut. Penelitian ini menggunakan disain dari penelitian kualitatif. 25 orang siswa IA (Ilmu Alam) dan 25 orang siswa IS (ilmu Sosial) dilibatkan dalam penelitian ini. Data penelitian dikumpulkan dengan menggunakan wawancara dan angket. Data tersebut dianalisa berdasarkan pengelompokan strategi dalam membaca (Oxford, 1990). Hasil dari penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa kebanyakan siswa IS menggunakan affective strategies dalam membaca, sedangkan siswa IA pada umumnya menggunakan compensation strategies. Hasil tersebut mengindikasikan bahwa siswa IS lebih cendrung memperhatikan emosi dan perasaan dibandingkan mengandalkan kemampuan kognitif. Bahkan, data menunjukkan bahwa ada perbedaan dalam intensitas penggunaan strategi antara siswa IS dan IA. Perbedaan ini berhubungan dengan intensitas siswa dalam membaca teks berbahasa Iggris sebagai materi belajar. Siswa IA menggunakan teks berbahasa Inggris lebih sering daripada siswa IS, sehingga siswa IA lebih cendrung menggunakan compensation strategies untuk mengatasi kesulitan mereka dalam membaca. Sehubungan dengan alasan menggunakan strategi membaca, ada sejumlah alasan yang diajukan oleh siswa: 1) siswa menggunakan memory strategies untuk membantu mereka mengingat informasi baru yang sudah dibaca, 2) siswa menggunakan cognitive strategies untuk menemukan cara efektif dalam membaca, 3) siswa menggunakan compensation strategies untuk membantu mereka menemukan ide pokok dari teks dan menebak makna kata dalam memahami sebuah teks , 4) siswa menggunakan metacognitive strategies untuk membantu mereka dalam persiapan membaca dan memperhatikan kesalahan dalam membaca, 5) siswa menggunakan affective strategies untuk meningkatkan kepercayaan diri dalam membaca teks berbahasa Inggris, 6) siswa menggunakan social strategies untuk mendiskusikan dan mengecek pemahamannya. Learning strategies have become important options for students in reading a text. This study is concerned with the investigation of students’ learning strategies in reading English academic text. This was conducted to social and natural science students in a postgraduate school. The general research questions addressed in this study were: what strategies are used by the students in reading English academic texts, what differences and similarities of strategies used by social and natural science students and what their reasons in employing those strategies. This study utilized a qualitative research design. There were 25 social science students and 25 natural science students involved in this study. The data were collected by using questionnaires and interviews. The data were analyzed based on the categorization of learning strategies in reading (Oxford, 1990). The results of this study revealed that social science students most frequently used affective strategies in reading, whereas, natural science students most frequently used compensation strategies. This result indicates that social science students were more familiar with paying attention to their own feeling rather than manage their cognitive skills. Moreover, the data showed that there was a slight difference between the intensity of the use of strategies for social and natural science students. These differences have some relationship with the intensity of the students in using English texts as academic material. The natural science students used English texts more often than social science students, so that they were more familiar with compensation strategies, in terms of how to solve their limitation in reading. Regarding the reasons of employing learning strategies for reading, there are several reasons addressed by the students: 1) they used memory strategies to help them remember new information they have read, 2) they employed cognitive strategies to find an effective way in reading, 3) they employed compensation strategies in order to help them find main idea, and guess the meaning of words to understand a text , 4) they used metacognitive strategies in order to help them prepare their reading and monitor their mistake in reading, 5) they used affective strategies to increase their confidence in reading English text, 6) they used social strategies in order to discuss and check their comprehension.

Item Type: Skripsi Tesis Atau Disertasi (S2)
Additional Information: No. Panggil : T BING Jef i Pembimbing : I. Didi Suherdi , II. Dadang Sudana
Uncontrolled Keywords: social science, natural science, learning strategies, reading
Subjects: P Language and Literature > PE English
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan Bahasa Inggris S-2
Depositing User: Staf Koordinator 3
Date Deposited: 30 Sep 2015 07:17
Last Modified: 15 Sep 2017 06:23
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/17076

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