POLA HIAS BATIK CAP DERMAYON DI SENTRA BATIK PAOMAN ART

Tristianti, Kiki (2015) POLA HIAS BATIK CAP DERMAYON DI SENTRA BATIK PAOMAN ART. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu

Abstract

Abstrak: Batik Dermayon merupakan batik asal dari Indramayu yang coraknya termasuk kedalam batik gaya pesisiran salah satunya yaitu sentra Paoman Art yang memproduksi batik tulis, batik cap dan batik printing. Penelitian ini membahas tentang corak ornamen batik cap Dermayon di sentra Paoman Art. Fokus penelitian ini adalah tentang wujud ornamen dan pola hias kain batik cap Dermayon yang diproduksi sentra Paoman Art. Fokus penelitian tersebut bertujuan untuk mengetahui proses pembuatan batik cap dan untuk mengetahui wujud ornamen serta pola hias pada kain batik cap di sentra Paoman Art dari segi unsur-unsur serta prinsip pembentukan estetis visual berupa garis, bentuk, warna, keseimbangan, irama dan komposisi. Kajian teori yang digunakan berupa teori seputar mengenai prinsip-prinsip batik cap, ornamen, unsur-unsur seni rupa dan prinsip penyusunan unsur seni rupa. Peneliti menggunakan metode penelitian dengan metode deskriptif analisis dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Lokasi penelitian ini dilakukan di sentra Paoman Art dijalan Siliwangi no. 315A Kelurahan Paoman Kecamatan Indramayu Kabupaten Indramayu. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu studi kepustakaan, wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Peneliti mencoba menganalisis dua puluh tiga motif hias dari empat belas kain diantaranya jenis kain panjang, sarung, selendang dan kain taplak. Simpulan yang didapat ornamen batik cap Dermayon terbagi menjadi empat tema (subject matter) yaitu flora, fauna, alam benda dan peristiwa. Warna batik Dermayon bersifat cerah dengan latar belakang warna gelap (hitam, merah marun dan lain-lain) dan terang (putih, merah muda dan lain-lain). Unsur-unsur pada motif batik Dermayon memiliki garis yang bersifat bersifat luwes dan statis. Penerapan pola ulang pada batik cap Dermayon cukup bervariasi dan menghasilkan komposisi bersifat dekoratif, simetris dan asimetris serta memiliki keseimbangan yang beragam dan sangat menarik, sehingga keindahan motif maupun pola hias batik Dermayon menjadi identitas yang khas dari masyarakat pesisir Indramayu. Namun hal ini perlu untuk ditingkatkan inovasi dan variasi tanpa meninggalkan ciri khas utama batik Dermayon untuk mengembangkan karya visual yang lebih menarik peminat batik pesisir khususnya di Indramayu. Selain itu pentingnya pendokumentasian batik Dermayon akan dapat merekam perkembangan produksi dan desain corak motif, sarana pendidikan dan sebagai referensi sumber data untuk penelitian selanjutnya. Kata kunci: Dermayon, Batik Cap, Bokong Semar, Paoman Art, Ornamen, Babaran Abstract: Batik Dermayon is the original batik from Indramayu West Java; its patterns is included as Batik Gaya Pesisiran and as the example is Sentra Paoman Art which produces Batik Tulis, Batik Cap and Batik Printing. This research describes about patterns and ornaments of Batik Cap Dermayon in Sentra Paoman Art. The focus of this research is about the form of ornaments and decorative patterns of Batik Cap Dermayon which is produced in Sentra Paoman Art. The focus of this research is aimed to describe the prosess of making Batik Cap and to determine the form of ornaments and decorative patterns of Batik Cap in Sentra Paoman Art in terms of elements and principles of visual aesthetic such as line, shape, colour, balance, rhythm, and composition. The theory used in this research is about principles of Batik Cap, ornament, arts elements, and preparation principles of the arts elements. The researcher uses qualitative descriptive. The location of this research is in Sentra Paoman Art addressed in Jl. Siliwangi No. 315A Kelurahan Paoman Kecamatan Indramayu Kabupaten Indramayu. Data collection techniques used are literature studies, interviews, observation and documentation. The rsearcher tries to analyze twenty three ornamental motifs of fourteen types; long sleeve(kain panjang), sarong (sarung), slayer (selendang), and table cloth (kain taplak). The conclusions obtained that Batik Cap Dermayon ornaments are divided into four themes (subject matter) such as flora, fauna, natural objects, and events. Batik Dermayon colours is bright with darkened background (black, maroon and etc) and light (white, pink and etc). The elements of Batik Dermayon motifs have line that is flexible and static. The application of repeated patterns in Batik Cap Dermayon has quite variation and produce decorative composition, symmetrical, and asymmetrical and has various and intersting balancing, hence the beauty of Batik Dermayon become a special identity of the Indramayu people. However, those need to be increased in terms of innovation and variation wihout leaving the main characteristic of Batik Dermayon to develop visual creation to get more attention Batik Pesisir lovers especially in Indramayu. Besides, documentation of Batik Dermayon is the important thing to record the progress of production and motifs patterns design, educational facilities and as a reference source for further research. Keywords: Dermayon, Batik Cap, Bokong Semar, Paoman Art, Ornaments, Babaran

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: S SRP TRI p-2015 Pembimbing : I. Nanang Ganda Prawira II. Yadi Rukmayadi
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dermayon, Batik Cap, Bokong Semar, Paoman Art, Ornamen, Babaran
Subjects: N Fine Arts > NA Architecture
N Fine Arts > NC Drawing Design Illustration
Divisions: Fakultas Pendidikan Bahasa dan Seni > Jurusan Pendidikan Seni Rupa
Depositing User: DAM staf
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2015 06:52
Last Modified: 31 Mar 2015 06:52
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/14259

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