PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING DALAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA MATERI PROSES PEMBENTUKAN TANAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA

Andriani, Risma Fitria (2014) PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN CONTEXTUAL TEACHING AND LEARNING DALAM PEMBELAJARAN IPA MATERI PROSES PEMBENTUKAN TANAH UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu/

Abstract

Penelitian ini berkenaan dengan penerapan pendekatan Contextual Teaching And Learning (CTL) pada pembelajaran IPA materi proses pembentukan tanah untuk meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa kelas V Sekolah Dasar Negeri 1 Cibodas Kecamatan Lembang Kabupaten Bandung Barat. Tujuan yang hendak dicapai dari penelitian ini secara umum yaitu untuk mengetahui pelaksanaan dan hasil pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam (IPA) materi Proses Pembentukan Tanah pada siswa kelas V-B SDN 1 Cibodas dengan menerapkan Pendekatan Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL). Adapun secara khusus tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mendeskripsikan: (1) Pelaksanaan pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam tentang materi Proses Pembentukan Tanah pada siswa kelas V-B SDN 1 Cibodas dengan menerapkan pendekatan Contextual Teaching and Learning, dan (2) Peningkatan hasil belajar siswa kelas V-B SDN 1 Cibodas dalam pembelajaran Ilmu Pengetahuan Alam tentang materi Proses Pembentukan Tanah dengan menerapkan pendekatan Contextual Teaching and Learning. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) yang diadaptasi dari model Kemmis dan Mc Taggart, dilaksanakan dalam tiga siklus. Setiap siklus terdiri dari perencanaan, pelaksanaan, observasi, dan refleksi. Teknik pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini menggunakan tes dan non tes yang terdiri dari observasi dan dokumentasi. Hasil belajar yang diperoleh siswa dalam penelitian pada siklus I sebesar 48% siswa mendapat nilai di atas KKM dan rata-rata nilai 65, siklus II sebesar 82% mendapat nilai di atas KKM dan rara-rata nilai 82, siklus III sebesar 97% mendapat nilai di atas KKM dan rata-rata nilai 88. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian tersebut dapat disimpulkan bahwa penerapan pendekatan CTL dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa pada pembelajaran IPA materi proses pembentukan tanah. Berdasarkan temuan tersebut, disarankan kepada para guru untuk menerapkan pendekatan CTL pada pembelajaran IPA materi proses pembentukan tanah. This research regards the implementation of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) Approach at study of Natural Sciences (IPA) process of soil formation materials to improve the fifth grade students’ learning results in Elementary School 1 Cibodas, Lembang District, West Bandung Regency. The purpose that should be achieved from this research in general is to know the implementation and results of Natural Science (IPA) process of soil formation material on VB grade students of SDN 1 Cibodas by applying Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) approach. The special purpose of this study is to describe: (1) Implementation of Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) approach in Natural Science learning process of soil formation material in V-B grade students of SDN 1 Cibodas, and (2) Improvement of V-B grade students’ learning result of SDN 1 Cibodas in Natural Sciences lesson about soil formation process material by applying Contextual Teaching and learning (CTL) approach. The method used in this research is Classroom Action Research (CAR), which was adapted from the model of Kemmis and Mc Taggart, conducted in three cycles. Each cycle consists of planning, implementation, observation, and reflection. Data collection technique in this research is using test and non-test that consists of observation and documentation. Students’ learning result obtained in the research on the first cycle by 48% of students score above minimum completeness criteria (MCC) and the average value is 65, the second cycle of 82% students score above average MCC and average value is 82, the third cycle of 97% students score above MCC and average value is 88. Based on these results it can be concluded that the implementation of Contextual Teaching and learning (CTL) approach can improve student learning results in Natural Sciences about soil formation process materials. Based on these findings, it is suggested to teachers to implement Contextual Teaching and Learning (CTL) approach in Natural Sciences process of soil formation materials.

Item Type: Skripsi Tesis Atau Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No.Panggil : S PGSD AND p-2014
Uncontrolled Keywords: pendekatan CTL, proses pembentukan tanah, hasil belajar
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: Staff DAM
Date Deposited: 05 Mar 2015 07:48
Last Modified: 05 Mar 2015 07:48
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/13801

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