PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA PEMBELAJARAN IPA DI KELAS IV TENTANG PENGGOLONGAN HEWAN BERDASARKAN JENIS MAKANANNYA

Aliarahman, Asep (2014) PENERAPAN PENDEKATAN KONTEKSTUAL UNTUK MENINGKATKAN HASIL BELAJAR SISWA PADA PEMBELAJARAN IPA DI KELAS IV TENTANG PENGGOLONGAN HEWAN BERDASARKAN JENIS MAKANANNYA. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Official URL: http://repository.upi.edu/

Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatar belakangi rendahnya nilai hasil belajar siswa dan kurangnya aktivitas siswa dalam proses pembelajaran IPA di Sekolah Dasar serta asumsi siswa bahwa mata pelajaran IPA sebagai mata pelajaran yang sulit dan banyak materi yang harus dihafalkan. Oleh karena itu untuk mengatasi permasalahan di atas, diperlukan pendekatan dan metode pembelajaran yang dapat meningkatkan hasil belajar siswa. Pendekatan pembelajaran yang digunakan adalah pendekatan kontekstual (CTL). Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Penelitian Tindakan Kelas (PTK) yang dilakukan sebanyak dua siklus terhadap siswa kelas IV SDN Sodong Kecamatan Cangkuang Kabupaten Bandung. Data penelitian ini dikumpulkan melalui tes siklus, lembar observasi dan hasil penilaian sikap dalam diskusi. Hasil penelitian tindakan kelas ini menunjukan peningkatan hasil belajar siswa yaitu pada siklus I diperoleh nilai rata-rata 70 dan siklus II peroleh nilai rata-rata 84. Penerapan pendekatan kontekstual dalam pembelajaran mencakup tujuh prinsip yaitu: 1). Prinsip kontruktivisme, 2). Prinsip bertanya, 3). Prinsip menemukan, 4). Prinsip masyarakat belajar, 5). Prinsip pemodelan, 6). Refleksi, 7). Penilaian sebenarnya. Kata Kunci : kontekstual, hasil belajar, pembelajaran This research is motivated the low value of student learning outcomes and students' lack of activity in the process of learning science in elementary school as well as the student assumption that the IPA as a difficult subject and a lot of material that must be memorized. Therefore to solve the problem above, required the approaches and learning methods that can improve student learning outcomes. The Learning approach used is a contextual teaching and learning. The method of this research was a Classroom Action Research (CAR) which was done in two cycles. The Classroom Action Research of the fourth grade of SDN Sodong, Sub-district of Cangkuang, Bandung Regency. Data was collected by test instrument, a report of observations, and attitude assessment results in the discussion. The result showed that there was an increase of elementary student science achievement score averages of the first cycle 70 to the second cycle 84. The Implementation of contextual teaching and learning approach consisted of seven principles, those were: 1) Constructivism, 2) Questioning, 3) Inquiry, 4) Learning Community, 5) Modeling, 6) Reflection, and 7) Authentic Assessment. Keywords : contextual, learning outcomes, teaching

Item Type: Skripsi Tesis Atau Disertasi (S1)
Additional Information: No.Panggil: S PGSD ALI p-2014
Uncontrolled Keywords: kontekstual, hasil belajar, pembelajaran
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Fakultas Ilmu Pendidikan > Pedagogik > PGSD Bumi Siliwangi
Depositing User: DAM STAF Editor
Date Deposited: 24 Feb 2015 01:29
Last Modified: 24 Feb 2015 01:29
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/13335

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