PENGEMBANGAN KIT PRAKTIKUM IPA TERPADU TEMA PELAPUKAN UNTUK MEMBANGUN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA SMP

Nurhayati, Pipih (2014) PENGEMBANGAN KIT PRAKTIKUM IPA TERPADU TEMA PELAPUKAN UNTUK MEMBANGUN KETERAMPILAN PROSES SAINS SISWA SMP. S2 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendapatkan produk berupa Komponen Instrumen Terpadu IPA terpadu (KITAEdu) pada tema pelapukan. Penelitian ini dilakukan menggunakan metode Research and Development (RnD). Subjek penelitian sebanyak 94 orang siswa di tiga SMPN Kota Bandung yang ditentukan secara purposive berdasarkan setiap klaster sekolah. Data penelitian berasal dari observasi, lembar judgment expert, pretes, postes, angket dan wawancara. Hasil analisis di lapangan menunjukkan bahwa dari 35 topik IPA di SMP, tersedia 7 KIT (20%) dalam menunjang Kompetensi Dasar SMP. Dari 7 KIT yang tersedia, seluruhnya dilengkapi alat, LKS dan mengandung konten IPA yang tidak terpadu. Sebanyak 14% diantaranya dilengkapi bahan praktikum. Hasil pengembangan KITAEdu pada tema pelapukan dapat mengkomodasi tiga topik materi SMP yaitu klasifikasi mahluk hidup, perubahan materi dan pencemaran lingkungan. Melalui optimasi KIT, diperoleh bahan- bahan yang digunakan, antara lain batu kuarsit dan kalsit, larutan asam sulfat 5%, dengan kondisi suhu air 51-750C, dan waktu reaksi 5 menit. Hasil evaluasi kriteria KIT, Buku Aktivitas Siswa (BAS) dan Buku Petunjuk Guru (BPG) diperoleh aspek: pedagogi (87.5%); konten (84.4%); teknis (79.7%); dan estetik (87.5%) yang dapat diartikan KITAEdu memiliki kriteria KIT yang sangat kuat (83.85%). Hasil implementasi menunjukkan capaian pemahaman konsep tertinggi pada konsep klasifikasi (89.0), dan capaian terendah pada konsep pencemaran (78.0). Secara keseluruhan capaian penguasaan konsep pada kategori sangat baik (84.2). Hasil Keterampilan Proses Sains (KPS) menunjukkan capaian tertinggi pada keterampilan menginterpretasi (78.0), dan capaian terendah pada keterampilan mengamati (69.0). Secara keseluruhan capaian KPS siswa mencapai kategori baik (71.9). Respons siswa pada aspek penggunaan KIT menunjukkan aspek pembelajaran (91.8%) dan aspek penggunaan KIT (91.4%). Secara keseluruhan siswa memberikan respons positif (91.3%) terhadap penerapan KIT praktikum IPA terpadu tema pelapukan. This study aims to get an Integrated Science KIT on the weathering topic, therefor used Research and Development method. Subjects were 94 students from three Lower Secondary School (LSS) in Bandung, which taken from purposive sampling. Data were collected from observation, expert judgment sheet, pretest, posttest, questionnaires and interviews. The results showed from 35 science topics on LSS curricula, there was only 7 (20%) Science KIT to support the Basic Competence in lower secondary school. All of KIT equipped with laboratory tools, Student Work Sheet with topic which not integrating science. There was only 14% KIT equipped with materials laboratory. Results of developing KIT on weathering topics showed that topic can accomodate three topics, there are classification, change matter, and pollution. Result of assessment KIT, which developed, showed that aspects of pedagogy (87.5%), content (84.4%), technical (79.7%), and aesthetic (87.5%) of KIT is very strong (83.85%). Result of Implementation, showed highest achievements on the concept of classification (89.0), and lowest achievement on the concept of pollution (78.0). Overall performance on the mastery of concepts great category (84.2). Science Process Skills (SPS) result showed the highest performance on the skills to interpret (78.0), and lowest achievement on observing skills (69.0). Overall achievement of SPS students achieve middle categories (71.9). Student responses on aspects of the use of KIT showing aspects of learning (91.8%) and aspects of the use of KIT (91.4%). Overall the students gave a positive response (91.3%) on learning process using Integrated Science KIT on the weathering topic.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S2)
Additional Information: No. Panggil: T IPA NUR p-2014
Uncontrolled Keywords: KIT praktikum, IPA terpadu, KPS, Pelapukan, SMP
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: Sekolah Pasca Sarjana > Pendidikan IPA S-2
Depositing User: Mr. Hada Hidayat
Date Deposited: 11 Feb 2015 01:23
Last Modified: 11 Feb 2015 01:23
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/12820

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