PENGARUH TEKNIK KLUSTER 5W+1H TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN SISWA MENULIS KARANGAN NARASI DI SEKOLAH DASAR

DESTIYANI, Mika (2014) PENGARUH TEKNIK KLUSTER 5W+1H TERHADAP KEMAMPUAN SISWA MENULIS KARANGAN NARASI DI SEKOLAH DASAR. S1 thesis, Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia.

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Abstract

Penelitian ini dilatarbelakangi oleh kesulitan siswa dalam menulis karangan narasi. Siswa mengalami kesulitan dalam mengungkapkan ide atau gagasannya ke dalam tulisan dan siswa juga masih bingung untuk mengawali tulisannya. Upaya untuk mengatasi permasalahan tersebut adalah dengan menerapkan suatu teknik yang efektif agar membantu memudahkan menulis karangan narasi yaitu dengan teknik kluster 5W+1H. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan kemampuan siswa menulis karangan narasi sebelum dan setelah penerapan teknik kuster 5W+1H serta mencari pengaruh dari penerapan teknik kluster 5W+1H. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah eksperimen dengan desain penelitian one group pretest-posttest. Lokasi penelitian di SDN Mekarjaya. Populasi penelitian adalah kelas VB SDN Mekarjaya. Teknik pengambilan sampel yang digunakan adalah teknik nonprobability sampling dengan jenis sampling jenuh sebanyak 28 siswa. Instrumen penelitian yang digunakan berupa soal penugasan dan rubrik kriteria penilaian. Teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah tes tertulis sebanyak dua kali. Hasil penelitian dianalisis dengan uji normalitas, uji homogenitas dan uji hipotesis. Kemampuan siswa sebelum penerapan teknik kluster 5W+1H berkategori sedang dan kemampuan siswa setelah penerapa teknik Kluster 5W+1H berkategori tinggi. Berdasarkan hasil analisis data dengan α = 0,05 diperoleh uji normalitas pada pretest diperoleh 0,795 > 0,05, uji normalitas pada posttest diperoleh signifikansi 0,716 > 0,05 maka data pada kedua tes tersebut berdistribusi normal. Uji homogenitas diperoleh signifikansi 0,997 > 0,05 menunjukkan variansi antara nilai pretest dan posttest sama. Uji hipotesis diperoleh thitung 15,69 >ttabel = 2,052 menunjukkan bahwa H0 ditolak. H0 ditolak menunjukkan ada pengaruh dari penerapan teknik kluster 5W+1H terhadap menulis karangan narasi. Kata Kunci: teknik kluster 5W+1H, the technique of cluster 5W + 1Hkemampuan siswa, the ability of students, menulis karangan narasi, write a narrative essay. Background of this research is caused by the difficulty students in writing a narrative essay.Students having difficulty in expressing his ideas in writing and students also still confused to begin writing.Efforts to resolve the problem by applying an effective technique that helps make it easier to write a narrative essay that is by technique of cluster 5W +1H. The purpose of this research is to describe the ability of students to write a narrative essay before and after the application of the technique of cluster 5W+1H and to find the influence of the application of the technique of cluster 5W +1 H. The method of this research is experimental with one group pretest-posttest design.The location of the research in SDN Mekarjaya.The population of the research is class VB SDN Mekarjaya.The sampling technique used is a nonprobability sampling technique with saturated sampling about 28 students. The research instrument used is a matter of assignment and rubric of assessment criteria. Data collection techniques used were the written test twice. The research results are analyzed with normality test, homogeneity test, and hypothesis test.The ability of students before the application of the technique of cluster 5W+1H is on a category of medium and the ability of students after the application of the technique of cluster 5W+1H is on a category of high. Based on the results of data analysis with α = 0,05 obtained normality test in the pretest 0,795 > 0,05, the normality test on theposttest obtained significance 0,716 > 0,05 then the data on both tests are normally distributed. The homogeneity test obtained significance 0,997 > 0,05 show the variance ofthepretestandposttestscores are equal.Test hypotheses obtained thitung 15,69 >ttabel 2,052 indicates that H0 is rejected. H0 is rejected shows there the influence of the application of the technique of cluster 5W + 1H towardwrite the narrative essay. Keywords: the technique of cluster 5W + 1H, the ability of students, write a narrative essay.

Item Type: Skripsi,Tesis,Disertasi (S1)
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Divisions: UPI Kampus Tasikmalaya > PGSD UPI Kampus Tasikmalaya
Depositing User: UPI Kampus Tasikmalaya
Date Deposited: 18 Nov 2014 03:42
Last Modified: 18 Nov 2014 03:42
URI: http://repository.upi.edu/id/eprint/11889

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